Mainly the Broughs (Northumberland origins), Busbys (unknown origins), Hobbs (Banbury and Bewdley origins), Jones (Cheltenham origins), Smart (Black country origins), and Woolvens (Sussex origins).
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c1640 Margaret (unknown) c1640 Thomas Roberts Little is known of Thomas, except that he lived in the Ruardean area of the Forest of Dean, and was married to someone called Elinor, probably from around 1663. In addition to the children shown in this database, they may have two additional children: Sarah (b. 1679) and Edith (b. 1671). c1640 Anthony Smart c1640 Thomas Teague c1645 Bridget (unknown) c1650 Elinor (unknown) c1657 Mary Coleway c1660 Mary Collier c1660 George Coppard c1660 Frances Dumbrell 1660 Margaret Smart c1660 Evan Vaughan c1662 Jane (unknown) c1662 Thomas Paro 1663 Anthony Smart 1664 Thomas Roberts 1665 Elizabeth Smart 1669 Walter Smart c1676 Sarah (unknown) 1676 Elinor Roberts c1676 Joseph Turner We know little about this Joseph, apart from his father, children, baptism and death. But he was probably a farmer (see burial) and lived to a good age of at least 80 as his burial in 1758 was 60 years after his first child. c1677 Edward Teague 1678 Mary Roberts 1679 Henry Smart c1680 Mary (unknown) c1680 James Hart 1680 Sarah Teague 1681 Daniell Roberts c1682 Claire Bridgeman c1682 John Meek c1683 Ann Cumber c1683 Elizabeth Durrant c1683 Thomas Neive c1683 William Parker c1683 Ann Richbill 1683 James Teague c1683 Thomas Towner Thomas seems to have spent most or all of his life in the Petworth area of Sussex. c1684 Susanna Copper 1684 Henry Roberts c1684 Ann Vaughan c1684 Elizabeth Vaughan c1684 Hanah Vaughan 1684 Mary Vaughan c1684 William Vaughan c1685 Mary Duke Mary is really only known through her marriage and children. c1685 Katharine Paro 1686 George Copper c1686 Ann Mitchell c1686 Walter Paro c1686 Thomas Woolven c1687 (unknown) (unknown) c1687 Thomas Paro c1687 (unknown) Russel c1688 John Copper 1688 John Teague c1689 Thomas Copper c1689 Jane Paro c1689 George Smart c1690 John Dennier Born in the Kirdford area of Sussex, John married in Fittleworth, and spent the remainder of his life in the Greatham area of the Wiggenholt cum Greatham parish. c1690 Elizabeth Smith c1690 Mary Turner c1690 Sarah Twining c1691 Thomas Bergum The Thomas that married Sarah parry (or Paro) in 1721. c1691 Richard Copper c1691 Francis Meek c1691 Mary Paro 1693 Sarah Paro c1694 Anne Copper c1697 William Blissard c1698 Joseph Turner Joseph seems to have lived (to about 59) in the Shipley/West Grinstead area of Sussex. As he was described as Joseph Junior when buried, it seems his father was still alive at the time (he probably died in 1758). c1699 Ann Blake c1700 Robert Brough c1701 Mary Turner c1703 Richard Turner 1704 Anthony Smart 1704 Rachel Vaughan 1705 Elizabeth Meeke 1706 Mary Smart 1706 Rebecah Teague c1706 Sarah Turner 1707 Edward Teague c1708 Cuthbert Brough c1708 Edward Dark 1708 Henry Hart c1708 Ann Lamb c1708 Jane Mensforth 1708 Elizabeth Smart c1708 Mary Towne 1709 John Meek c1709 Anne Spilmore 1709 Mary Teague c1709 Elizabeth Turner c1710 Ann (unknown) c1710 John Darke 1710 Margaret Teague c1710 Ann Williams 1711 James Meek 1711 Henery Smart 1711 Thomas Teague c1712 Edward Brough c1712 Thomas Nieve c1712 Henery Russel 1713 Mary Smart 1713 Martha Teague c1713 Susannah Turner 1714 George Meek c1714 Mary Towne c1715 Richard Neve 1715 James Teague c1716 Sarah (unknown) c1716 Robert Collis c1716 Elner Russel 1716 Elizabeth Smart 1716 George Smart 1717 Francis Meek 1717 Jane Smart c1717 Thomas Towne 1718 Mary (unknown) c1718 James Russel 1718 Margaret Teague 1719 Deborah Dennier c1719 Mary Neve Mary's husband Thomas was buried in May of 1757. All her children were alive when she wrote her will (see below), but one son (Thomas) died before her death in December 1782.
Mary's will (transcribed by A. Millard) provides much useful information on Mary's family.
1719 John Towne 1719 Thomas Woolvin Lived all his life in West Grinstead; in his wedding licence, he is shown as a farmer. Probably a yeoman. c1720 Richard Billings 1720 Mary Smart c1720 Henry Tanner 1721 Thomas Burgum 1721 William Meek 1721 Edward Teague c1722 Ruth (unknown) c1722 Ann Ballard 1722 Mary Burgum c1722 John Neve c1722 Henry Prescott 1722 Charles Russel c1723 Elizabeth Clifton 1723 John Dennier 1723 George Smart c1724 Elizabeth (unknown) 1724 Thomas Meek c1724 Joseph Phipps 1725 John Coppard c1725 Elizabeth Newman c1725 Margaret Ward 1726 Francis Dennier c1726 John Hobbs c1726 Elizabeth Jones 1726 Henry Parker 1726 Anthony Smart c1727 Sarah Blizzard 1727 Sarah Burgum 1728 Richard Coppard c1728 Ann Laney c1729 William Coppard c1730 Hannah Archbald c1730 Cuthbert Brough 1730 Hanah Burgum c1730 William Dennier c1732 Stephen Brough c1733 Elizabeth (unknown) 1733 Ann Smart c1733 John Stollard 1734 Thomas Burgum 1734 Elizabeth Dark c1734 Martha Darke 1734 Elizabeth Rook c1735 William Brough 1735 Edward Coppard c1735 John Friar 1735 Rebeckah Smart c1735 Sarah Wood c1736 Margaret Brough c1736 Mary Brough 1737 John Burgum 1737 James Turner c1738 Ann (unknown) c1738 William Avery c1738 Dorothy Brough c1738 Edward Brough c1738 Thomas Dunshire Known to be a mariner (from the burial record of jis wife Jane). c1738 John Jones c1738 Mary Neeve 1738 Rachel Smart 1739 Benjamin Burgum 1739 Thomas Turner c1740 Ann Brough c1740 Cuthbert Brough This is the Cuthbert who married Hannah Archbald/Archibald in 1760. Most likely to have been one of Cuthbert Brough (born c 1730), but might have been Cuthbert Brough (born c. 1743). c1740 Mark Brough In his marriage and burial records, he is shown as a mariner. c1740 Thomas Brough c1740 Dorothy Hind c1740 Robert Holmes c1740 John Mann 1740 Lidya Meek c1740 Henry Mitchell c1740 Elizabeth Potter c1740 Susannah Simmons c1741 Robert Brough c1741 Richard Neeve c1741 Isabel Oswell 1741 Richard Turner c1742 Robert Brough c1742 Elizabeth Tomlinson c1742 Jane Wilkinson c1743 Cuthbert Brough 1743 Lucy Meek 1743 Richard Read 1743 Elianor Smart c1744 Robert Brough c1744 Robert Brough c1744 Hannah Burton c1744 William Jennings c1744 John Steward c1744 Ann Wollidge 1745 Ann Collis c1745 Edward Tanner c1746 Mary (unknown) c1746 James Billings c1746 Henry Doubleday c1746 Thomas Elkington 1746 John Hobbs 1746 George Meek c1747 William Freeman c1747 Henry Hart 1747 Thomas Woolvin 1748 Mary Hobbs 1748 Edward Meek 1748 Ann Parker c1748 Ann Peacock This is the Ann who married Edward Brough in 1770 and then lived with him in the Hawthorn area of Easington, both surviving into their 80s. c1748 William Tanner 1748 Elizabeth Town 1748 Harry Woolvin c1749 William Brough A Yeoman farmer, who seems to have lived all his long life in Lumley Ridings. c1749 John Freeman John's birthplace is unknown, but he spent the last 40 years of his life in Ashurst/West Grinstead with his wife Ann Woolven. When he was married in Ashurst, he was described as being from West Grinstead, and when he was buried in West Grinstead, he was described as being from Ashurst. 1749 Robert Phipps 1749 Mary Prescott c1749 George Savage 1749 Ruth Town c1750 Mary (unknown) c1750 Jane Brough Only known through her marriage and burial records. 1750 Elizabeth Buredg c1750 John Crop 1750 William Hobbs 1750 Margaret Meeke Margaret was married three times. Her second marriage (in Gloucester) was to Richard Read whose residence was Ruardean, and she clearly lived there in the Ruardean/Walford area after that, as when her second husband died and was buried in Ruardean, she married for the third time to Henry Smart from Ruardean (her residence was given as Walford). She appears to have children (Margaret and Henry) by her third husband Henry Smart at the age or 42 and 44. She lived until she was 77, and was buried just North of Ruardean and Walford in Upton Bishop. A remarkable woman! 1750 William Parker 1750 Richard Phipps c1750 Samuel Potter On the face of it, Samuel as born c 1750 and married and died a few miles from here he was born. But this is probably too simplistic; see notes. c1750 Valentine Redgrave 1750 George Smart 1750 Richard Tanner 1750 Henry Woolvin 1750 Richard Woolvin 1751 Ann Russel Blizzard 1751 Mary Woolvin 1752 Elizabeth Parker 1752 Ann? Phipps c1752 Hannah Tanner 1752 John Town c1753 Ann (unknown) c1753 Annea (unknown) c1753 Barnabus Brough c1753 Ann Clarke 1753 Prisilla Meek 1753 Sarah Prescott c1753 Henry Smart 1753 Sarah Smart 1753 Ann Woolvin 1754 Sarah Phipps 1754 George Smart 1754 Jane Town c1755 Sarah Botting c1755 Frances Brough c1755 William Elliott 1755 Henry Parker c1755 Sarah Tanner 1755 John Woolven 1756 Naomi Ann Copper 1756 George Meek 1756 Mary Phipps 1756 Henry Prescott 1756 Margaret Town 1756 John Woolven c1757 Catherine Blakey c1757 Mary Harding Settlement (1784, Storrington) gives a Francis Denyer and wife Mary with a daughter Martha (2 years) and unnamed 3-day old son, residence Wiggenholt (a mile or two from Storrington). Mary may have died (as a pauper) in Pulborough (a mile or so North of Wiggenholt) in October 1785. 1757 Samuel Hobbs 1757 Ann Woolven 1757 William Woolven 1758 Susannah Copper c1758 William Lawther 1758 Thomas Meek 1758 Thomas Parker 1758 Nathaniel Smart c1758 Mary Stollard c1758 Mary Wilson 1758 Edward Woolven c1759 William Brough 1759 Mary Knight c1760 Sarah (unknown) c1760 Jane Armstrong c1760 Thomas Brough c1760 Elizabeth Neve 1760 Lydia Stollard 1760 James Woolven 1761 William Copper William seems to have spent all his life within a mile or so of South Heighton (sometimes just called Heighton by the locals) 1761 Meldred Woolven c1762 Anne Brough c1762 Henry Elliott 1762 Sophiah Meek c1762 Thomas Simmons c1762 Thomas Taylor 1762 Mary Woolven c1763 Robert Brough c1763 John Busby c1763 Elizabeth Buswell c1763 Thomas Herbert 1763 Charles Jones c1764 Jane Brough 1764 Mary Mitchell 1764 Susannah Woolven c1765 Esther Brough c1765 Dorothy Holmes c1765 Mary Parker c1765 Samuel Parker c1766 John Boss c1766 William Brough c1766 Thomas Jones c1766 James Pennell c1766 Hanow (Hannah?) Phipps 1766 Phebe Steward c1766 Mary Trotter c1766 Ann Turner 1766 Ann Wheeler 1766 Elizabeth Woolven 1766 Thomas Woolven c1767 Jane Bedeland c1767 Hannah Brough 1767 Thomas Brough c1767 Thomas Brough 1767 Samuel Eagle c1767 Jane Holmes c1767 Elizabeth Hontsey c1767 Anne Stollard 1767 Zilphah Woolven 1768 Joanna Brough c1768 Jane Edgington c1768 Ann Neeve c1768 Ann Wadhams 1769 Anthony Brough c1769 Hannah Brough c1769 Thomas Brough c1769 Thomas Brough c1769 Robert Holmes c1769 Walter Parker 1769 Benjamin Steward 1769 Zilphah Woolven c1770 (unknown) (unknown) c1770 Mary Boyce 1770 Samuel Brough c1770 Whitfield Brough Birth not known, but from 1794 (marriage) associated with Monkwearmouth or Monkwearmouth Shore. He may have been a master mariner. c1770 John Busby c1770 William Busby c1770 Margaret Henderson c1770 William Shuard c1770 Francis Wilkinson c1771 Elizabeth Brough 1771 Elizabeth Friar c1771 John Hobbs c1772 Isabel Brough 1772 William Brough c1772 Sarah Duffie c1772 Samuel Egile 1772 Bengeman Jennings c1772 William Jordan c1773 Ann (unknown) The mother of Joshua Jordan (born 18/09/1797) and husband of William Jordan. c1773 John Blick c1773 Mary Brough c1773 Thomas Brough c1773 Elizabeth Croome c1774 Elizabeth Brough 1774 John Brough c1774 George Dennis George was a master mariner (information from application for marriage license). No children are known from this marriage. c1774 William Friar c1774 Frances Leaviss c1775 Edward Brough c1775 Mary Brough c1776 Margaret Brough 1776 Meaburn Brough 1776 Mary Elkington c1776 Robert Hemsley c1776 Elizabeth Mann 1776 Richard Tanner c1776 Thomas Wilmore c1777 Isabella (unknown) c1777 Ann Brough c1777 Margaret Brough c1777 George Edinshire 1777 Mary Friar c1777 John Fryday c1777 James Grant c1777 Sarah Langford Sarah married relatively young (probably about 18) and had many children. She was widowed when she was about 60 and then lived (at least some of the time) with her son James and his family. She lived to the age of 87; a 'good innings' for a Georgian/Victorian lady! c1777 Sarah Neeve c1778 Ann Brough c1778 William Brough c1778 Mary Crop 1778 Henry Tanner Henry and his wife seem to spend all their life in the Horsham area after marrying. Three of their children were christened in Rusper (about 5 miles from Horsham): 08/08/1813, 13/08/1815, and 23/08/1818, with their father's profession given as labourer (as Rusper was predominantly agricultural in the early 19th century, this would have been agricultural labouring). But the family does not appear in the detailed 1821 census of Rusper that has survived. Three of their other children were christened in Horsham: 05/02/1809, 10/02/1811, 09/12/1821, 15/04/1827 (a christening of a Henry Tanner c1809 has not yet been found). It seems likely that Henry worked as an agricultural labourer wherever there was work in the area. [The possible ascription of Henry Tanner (c1808–1830) to this family is tentative at the moment.] c1779 Dinah Brough c1779 Margaret Brough c1779 James Busby c1779 Betty Crop c1780 John Brough c1780 Thomas Brough Very little is known about Thomas: we know he married a Mary Embleton in 1813 and had a son (William) shortly afterwards. He was reported to have been a miller at that time and when William was christened in Long Benton, Northumberland, the family's residence was given as "Redhouse"; this probably refers to Benton Park in the partish, which was often referred to in this way.
The childhood of WIlliam (Thomas's son) was reported by William to his son Joshua Jordan Brough to have been spent in the Longbenton/Killingworth area. So he must have been there until circa 1825 at least. Presumably, so was his father Thomas, but there are no records (burials, births) to confirm this known as yet.
c1780 Sarah Fryer 1780 James Hart 1780 John Hobbs John appears to have spent the first year or so of his life in the Bloxham/Milcombe area, then moving to Neithrop, and Banbury about 1800. He spent the rest of his life there as far as we know, although his whereabouts in the 1851 census are unknown.
John was married twice; he had at least 6 children by his first wife, and 12 by his second wife. One of his children (James) emigrated to the USA, and worked as a maltster. Joseph and George (sons from his second marriage) also became maltsters (in Aston/Birmingham) and John was himself a maltster as well as a labourer (the malting work may have been seasonal). Brewing was an important industry in 19th century Banbury. He lived to a great age for an early 19th century working-class man (over 80). Obviously an interesting man, reflecting what was happening in the Banbury area in the early 19th century.
c1780 John Stobart c1781 Keziah (unknown) c1781 Jane Brough c1781 Robert Brough c1781 Sarah Cropp 1781 Elizabeth Savage c1782 William Adams 1782 Mary Billings c1782 Richard Cropp 1782 Martha Denyer After she married Henry Tanner, they lived in Horsham, possibly working at other places in the area, as work was available (Henry was an agricultural labourer). c1782 William Embleton 1782 William Hobbs c1782 John Tanner c1782 Ann Thompson Ann spent all her life in County Durham, outliving her husband William (a yeoman farmer) by 37 years. 1782 William Woolven c1783 Mary (unknown) c1783 Dorothy Brough c1783 Hannah Brough c1783 Thomas Cooke c1783 John Embleton c1783 William Embleton c1783 Stephen Knowles c1783 Isabel Lawther 1783 John Read c1783 Samuel Roberts 1783 George Savage c1784 Ann (unknown) c1784 Rachel Bennett c1784 Ann Brough 1784 Thomas Brough It would appear that Thomas spent his whole life in the parish of Seaham, marrying relatively late, anmd having two sons. He followed in his father's footsteps by being a farmer (and a miller at some time). He lived to be almost 100 years old (just 3 months short of 100, in fact).
In the grant of probate to his son John, Thomas is described as a miller, and John as a farmer, both of Seaham Mill.
c1784 Fanny Cropp c1784 Elizabeth Harland c1784 Ann Redgrave What little we know about Ann/Anne is from her marriage, baptism of her children, and death at the age of 37 in 1822; all in Crick, Northamptonshire. We can deduce she was born about 1786 (and thus married at about 26). Ann and her infant son Samuel must have died within a few days, as she was buried 05/04/1822 and he was buried 10/04/1822. c1784 Benjamin Milburn Stafford 1784 Thomas Taylor c1784 Benjamin Tomlin Benjamin seems to have spent most of his life in or near Crick : certainly c1812 to 1822 and c1841 to his death in 1866 (though no matching christening is known). He may have just been visiting family in London in the 1841 census, but maybe he lived there for some time during the period 1822 and 1851.
In both the 1851 and 1861 censuses, he is seen with an Ann Kilworth, though their relationship (other than presumed acquaintance/friendship) is not known.
1784 Rose Wiggins c1785 John Cropp c1785 Elizabeth Errington 1785 James Hobbs 1785 George Read c1786 Hannah (unknown) Hannah survived to at least 1841 (census). It is very likely (but amazing) that she married in the Stockport area in the second quarter of 1850, when she would have been about 64. c1786 Sarah (unknown) c1786 Eleanor Brough c1786 Elizabeth Brough c1786 William Dier c1786 Barbara Lawther c1786 Peter Loake 1786 Samuel Potter 1786 John Smart 1786 Jane Taylor 1786 Richard Woolven Richard was a soldier (see christening record for son William) who was a servant in later life. Presumably he met his wife whilst he was serving in Ireland in the 4th (Queen's Own) Dragoons (4th Dragoon Guard history), before he was injured and taken into Kilmainham Hospital (Recent pictures of Kilmainham), Dublin in 1817. She must have been quite young when they married (probably in Ireland, as there is no marriage record in Sussex). They seem to have lived separately some of the time (but nearby) in the last few years of their lives, including in 1841 when they were both in West Grinstead: Mary in the Catholic Chapel (she would have been a Roman Catholic of course) and Richard in the Anglican Rectory, showing how important such denominational distinctions were in those days. c1787 Ann (unknown) c1787 Elizabeth (unknown) James Taylor's wife and mother of several children, born in Bewdley, and christened in Ribbesford, over the period 1814 to 1828. She appears to have moved to the Key Hill area of All Saints, Birmingham in the 1830s (possibly as late as 1840).
The earliest Elizabeth is likely to have been born is circa 1785 (from her last child, born 1828) and the latest 1798 (from her first child, born 1814), with her birth year c 1790 (if she had her first child at 24 in 1814). The ages given (64 and 74) given in the 1851 and 1861 censuses would make her year of birth most likely to be 1787.
1787 Elizabeth Brough c1787 Hannah Brough c1787 Henry Brough An engineer in the mines/early railways c1787 Henry Brough c1787 Jenny Crop 1787 Elizabeth Hobbs 1787 Mary Jennings 1787 Charles Jones c1787 Mary Lawther c1787 William Potter 1787 Henry Smart 1787 John Brough Taylor c1788 Samuel Boss c1788 Thomas Brough c1788 Martha Browne Martha seems to have spent the last 40 years or so of her life in Romsey, Hampshire. How and why she got there from her birthplace in Wiltshire (about 33 miles away) is a bit of a puzzle. Maybe she met her husband in Salisbury (about half way between their birth places). c1788 Robert Hardwicke Copperwheat Probably a shepherd (information from child's wedding certificate) 1788 James Read c1788 James Taylor 1788 William Woolven c1789 Ann (unknown) There are two Anns married to Richard Kendalls in Marylebone at this time: Ann Morley and Ann Bennett c1789 Margaret Brough c1789 Martha Brough c1789 Sarah Clues c1789 Mary Embleton 1789 Allen Jones c1789 Edmund Jordan c1789 Elizabeth Lawther c1789 Thomas Potter 1789 Sally Smart c1789 James Stanners 1789 Mark Taylor c1790 Sarah Baker c1790 Michael Barry c1790 Ann Brough c1790 Mary Brough c1790 William Brunton c1790 Richard Crop c1790 Thomas Hayes 1790 Thomas Hobbs 1790 Sarah Jones Sarah Jones lived all her life in Banbury, and was John Hobbs second wife. She died a few days after giving birth to her 12th child. c1790 Thomas Keen c1790 Richard Kendall This is the father of the Catherine Ann Kendall who married Joseph Tomalin 1790 James Knight c1790 Charles Morgan 1790 Hannah Sheward Hannah is also referred to an Ann (and Shuard/Sheward). Her father is unknown at present (Hannah and her brother Joseph may have been illegitimate): her mother Phebe Sheward married James Pennell in Kidderminster, 1798. c1790 Elizabeth Simmons 1790 George Smart 1790 Ann Woolven Born in West Grinstead, she stayed in this part of Sussex all her life, finally living with her daughter Frances and son-in-law William Henry Chatfield in Pulborough. c1791 Thomas Bradbury 1791 Catharine Brough 1791 Eizabeth Brough 1791 Naomi Coppard c1791 William Embleton c1791 William Jones c1791 George Loake c1791 Mary Elizabeth Midgeley 1791 Lidia Smart 1791 William Taylor 1791 Joseph Thompson A successful farmer, who seems to have lived all his life in the Seaham district. Probate was awarded to the value of £1500 — a considerable sum in 1859. c1792 Ann (unknown) c1792 William Bastock c1792 Thomas Brough c1792 George Lawther c1792 Sarah Shepherd 1792 Richard Simmons Richard seems to have spent his whole life in Tarring Neville, working as a farm labourer (noted in his children's baptism records, second marriage, and 1841 census). He and his secon wife died within a few days of each other in 1846. c1792 Elizabeth Simpson 1792 Margaret Smart c1793 Elizabeth Boss 1793 Sarah Brough c1793 Thomasin Brough 1793 Ann Coppard Ann seems to have spent all of her short life in South Heighton or Tarring Neville (i.e. within a km of her birthplace). At her marriage in Tarring Neville she is recorded as being from Heighton. c1793 Thomas Willis Fry 1793 Richard Hobbs c1793 Elizabeth Jordan c1793 Mary Miller c1793 Fanny Redgrave 1793 Mary Smart c1793 Mary White Little is known about Mary. In the 1841 census, she said she was not born in Sussex. Her whereabouts after 1841 are unknown, though she was probably in Brighton in 1871, dieing there in 1872. 1793 Mary Woolven c1793 Susanna Wright c1794 Elizah (unknown) c1794 John Brough 1794 Sarah Drew c1794 William Heritage 1794 William Jordan c1794 Johanna Morgan 1794 Joseph Sheward c1794 William Simmons 1794 Henry Smart Henry was probably born in or near Ruardean in Gloucestershire (or possibly a neighbouring area of Herefordshire such as Walford), He died in Dudley. c1794 John Tanner At the christening of his daughter Harriet in 1821, John is described as a wheelwright. This is the primary evidence that he was also found (with Sarah) in Wolverhampton in 1861. 1795 Matilda Blake c1795 Hannah Boss 1795 Barnabus Brough c1795 Rachel Busby 1795 Mary Embleton c1795 Robert Grieves c1795 Richard Ildert 1795 Elizabeth Jones c1795 Isabella Renwick 1795 James Smart c1796 Charlotte (unknown) c1796 Robert Brough 1796 William Eagle c1796 Mary Embleton Very little is known about Mary, besides her marriage and the birth of her son William. The marriage was 'with consent of parents'; as Thomas was described as a Miller, it is likely he was over 21 and Mary was not. She would thus have been at least 12 and less than 21. As most aged 19 or 20 would probably conveniently forget their exact age, we might assume she was 16 to 18, making her year of birth about 1796, with absolute earliest and latest DOBs 19/10/1792 and 18/10/1801. c1796 Mary Emmelton 1796 Joseph Hobbs c1796 Obadiah Smart 1796 Mary Ann Taylor 1796 Henry Woolven c1797 Elizabeth (unknown) c1797 Mary Ann (unknown) Mary was born in Ireland about 1797 or so, probably in Kildare Town (about 30 miles from Dublin) or Kildare County. She would have met her husband Richard during the period 1814 to 1817 when he was in that area (see 4th Dragoon Guard history). She would have then been 18 or 19 and he about 28. When he was injured, he was hospitalised, pensioned and returned to his place of birth (West Grinstead) with his new wife.
Mary was not shown as living with her husband Richard in any of the 1841, 1851, or 1861 censuses, when they were both alive. But they seem to have always lived close to each other.
It is possible that Mary met Richard after he was injured. The injury took place when he was serving near Limerick, which is nearly 100 miles from the town of Kildare. By contrast, the town of Kildare is only 30 miles from Kilmainham Hospital (where Richard was transferred after his injury, and subsequently returned to England from). Kildare is both a town and a county of course, and if she was born elsewhere in County Kildare, she may have been born as close as 10 miles from the hospital. So, whether she was born in County Kildare or the town of Kildare, she may have met him at the hospital. Alternatively, she met him before he was posted to Limerick — his previous service may have been nearer to Dublin and Kildare.
c1797 William Brough 1797 William Brough c1797 William Francis Brough 1797 William Francis Brough c1797 Elizabeth Busby c1797 Mary Busby c1797 Sarah Busby c1797 Mary Johnson 1797 Mary Jones 1797 Joshua Jordan Joshua was born in London and stayed close to his birthplace for the rest of his life. After his first wife Sarah died, he lived with her sister Harriett and they had several children. Joshua and Harriett never married as it was forbidden in Canon (church) law for a man to marry his deceased wife's sister at the time (this prohibition was removed in 1907). [Harriett kept a family bible, but this did not mention her sister, presumably for this reason.]
After Harriett died, Joshua married again, to Martha Cropp. This time, the marriage was 'official', as his wife was unrelated to his two earlier partners. Martha and Joshua were the witnesses at the Marriage of Martha's sister Charlotte 7th September 1849 and it is possible that Martha and Charlotte became a couple soon after Harriet's death in 1846, as Joshua had young children to care for. For example, Mary Jordan was only 8 when her mother died; it is significant that Mary is found with Martha's sister and husband and their young child in the 1851 census. Maybe she was looking after her young step-cousin Clara.
c1797 Thomas Kemp c1797 William Redgrave c1797 Jane Thwaites c1798 Leah (unknown) Probably born around 1790 to 1800 in East Staffordshire, she had a number of children with Thomas Kinston in the Rosliston area of Derbyshire over the period 1822 to 1835. She died in 1840 (probably in Rosliston, as the death was registered in Burton on Trent). She would have been about 40 to 50 perhaps c1798 Mary (unknown) 1798 Edward Brough 1798 Mary Ann Brough c1798 Samuel Eagle c1798 Maria Egington c1798 John Gregory c1798 George Hughes 1798 Martha Jones c1798 Thomas Kinston c1798 Charles Savage 1798 Nathaniel Smart 1798 Thomas Woolven 1799 Sarah Eagles Born (1799) and buried (1833) in Kingston-on-Thames. In her short life she married and lived in London, and had several children. She almost certainly died in childbirth or shortly after, with a burial of a Sarah Jorden (aged 33) in Kingston on Thames 17/11/1833 (where her abode was given as St George's, Hanover Square) following the birth of her daughter Harriett on 11/11/1833. This correlates well with her putative birth there in Dec 1799; no Jordans/Jordens are known in Kingston besides her. So she was buried where she was christened. c1799 William Jones c1799 Mary Martin Although she gave her place of birth as Bledlow Ridge, no corresponding christening can yet be found. She may: (i) not be from there, (ii) not have been christened in the C of E, or (iii) not have been a spinster when she married. c1799 Sarah Woolason c1800 Martha (unknown) c1800 John Boss c1800 Eleanor Brough 1800 Jane Brough c1800 John Brough c1800 James Busby c1800 Mary Ann Busby c1800 William Franklin 1800 John Pennell c1800 George Windmill 1800 Priscilla Woolven c1801 John Brough 1801 Thomas Brough c1801 William Busby c1801 William Busby 1801 Ann Edinshire 1801 Martha Jones 1801 Ann Smart c1801 Mary Stanley 1801 William Stobart 1802 James Busby 1802 Thomas Eagles 1802 Elizabeth Edinshire c1802 Edward Green c1802 Edwin Hersey c1802 Sarah Ann Pearson c1803 Hannah (unknown) c1803 Kezia Boss Kezia seems to have lived in Banbury all her life, outliving her husband William and dieing at about the age of 79-80. Although her age at death was given as 82 (making her year of birth 1800), it is more likely she was born about 1804 and baptised in March 1805, y looking at the baptisms of her siblings. This would mean she was probably only 20 when she was married in 1824; although she was not recorded as being married 'with consent of parents', it was quite common to say you wrre 21 to avoid this need for permissioin when you were only 20. If that is the case, she would have been about 78 when she died. 1803 James Eagle c1803 George Gardiner c1803 Thomas Jones 1803 James Pennell 1803 John Stobart 1803 Frances Whiteside 1803 John Woolven c1804 Sarah Bradshaw 1804 Anthony Brough c1804 Robert Brough 1804 Elizabeth Eagle 1804 Dorothy Goldsbrough c1804 William Hampson 1804 Lidia Smart c1804 Harriet Yeats c1805 Jane (unknown) c1805 Mary (unknown) c1805 Robert Beck c1805 Samuel Bennett Born in Derbyshire, moved to Birmingham and then Oldbury. 1805 John Brough c1805 Hannah Busby c1805 Mary Carr 1805 Elizabeth Eagles c1805 Mary Edinshire 1805 Caroline Hobbs Caroline lived a very long time for a 19th century rural woman; she was at least 94 when she died. Born in Neithrop or Banbury, Oxfordshire, she married at the age of 22 (or thereabouts) and moved to Southam, where she lived for many years, having 7 children with her husband (she also had one child before she was married). c1805 Hugh Jones 1805 Mary Pennell c1806 Fanny (unknown) c1806 Elizabeth Bond c1806 Ann Brough c1806 John Busby A typical life profile for a 19th-century Oxford agricultural labourer who did not migrate to the towns (many did of course). c1806 George Cook George made his living as a market gardener in the Alstone area (Cheltenham). c1806 John Friday c1806 Dinah Hart After her husband did, she kept her family together, notably keeping her yougest son Robert at school quite late for an agricultural family in those days (to at least 14). The family seems to have survived well as a result. c1806 Joseph Herbert Little is known about Joseph and even his date of birth is very much a guess, based on the details of his wife. In fact, he might have been born as early as 1780, and Eliza may not have been his first wife. For anyone interested in his ancestors, his death certificate should be the first point of investigation. 1806 Richard Jordan c1806 Ann Kilworth c1806 Martha Tanner c1806 Ann Taylor c1806 James Turner 1806 Frances Woolven c1807 Ann (unknown) Francis Wood's wife, who died in 1838 c1807 Thomas Beck Thomas seems to have had a long and interesting life. Born in Cassington, Oxfordshire, he seems to have only moved the few miles to Cumnor, Berkshire.
In 1851, he as renting a cottage and garden in the village, and a poor rate was levied on him as a result (transcription of source document).
A probable death of Thomas was registered in Abingdon (the register office for Cumnor), Berks, April–June 1882, aged 77 (his true age would have been 75).
1807 Dorothy Brough 1807 Thomas Brough c1807 John Busby c1807 Henrey Cook 1807 John Eagle 1807 Dorothy Edinshire 1807 John Giles c1807 Christopher Hedley 1807 Mary Hobbs 1807 Sarah Pennell 1807 William Tanner c1807 Francis Wood c1808 Ann (unknown) c1808 Jane (unknown) c1808 Jane (unknown) Wives of agricultural labourers probably worked in the fields. But home working was common too. In Oxfordshire, glovemaking was a common female profession. "Gloveress" seems to be the feminine form of "Glover". [But a woman farmer was still called a farmer.]
Jane almost certainly died in Finstock in 1882, aged 71. The death was registered in Chipping Norton (the district for Finstock), but the death certificate has not been checked.
1808 Thomas Brough Thomas is a well-known engineer, and there is extensive correspondence in the National Archives about his appointment as a coal mining engineer in Nova Scotia, on the island of Cape Breton. He left England in June/July 1839. In NCB I/JB 1747, it is indicated that he left with 4 children, aged 7, 5, 4, and 3 months; the eldest 2 were also living with their parents in Gateshead in the 1851 census, but the younger are missing (presumably they died in Nova Scotia). 1808 Amy Busby 1808 Charles Busby Charles (or Chas, as his family called him) was a canal boatman c1808 John Busby John was born 200 years ago. It is interesting to try to trace his family forwards, to see what happened to a typical Oxfordshire working class (labouring) agricultural family. 1808 Isabella Edinshire c1808 Hannah Friday 1808 Maria Jordan 1808 Elizabeth Kingston Elizabeth spent most of her life in or near Banbury/Neithrop. She was married twice, neither marriage lasting long: her first husband died young, and she seems to have separated from the second after a few years, both living within a mile or two of each other for many years. 1808 Eliza Sarah Steer c1808 Henry Tanner 1809 Charlotte Adams Charlotte seems to have spent all her life in Cumnor. We are lucky enough to have a record of her family in the 1821 census (from the Vicar's Book) which has survived. 1809 George Brough 1809 Thomas Brough 1809 William Cropp 1809 Samuel Eagle c1809 William Embleton c1809 Elizabeth Enoch 1809 James Hobbs c1809 John Henry Martin 1809 Sarah Parker c1809 William Savage c1809 John Tanner A John Henry Tanner emigrated to Australia and married Catharine Delaney in 1842. Although he seems to have been christened plain John tanner, he probably added the middle name to acknowledge (or in memory of) his father, 1809 Charles Woolven c1810 Ann (unknown) c1810 Elizabeth (unknown) c1810 Martha (unknown) c1810 William Ayres 1810 Francis Brough c1810 Melicent Busby c1810 William Cook c1810 William Cooper Only known here as parent of William Cooper Tomalin, Rebecca Tomalin's illegitemate child. c1810 Samuel Coperweat c1810 John Edwin Dury c1810 William Friday c1810 Matthew Hall c1810 Ann Halsey 1810 Eliza Jordain 1810 Ann Eliza Jordan c1810 John Prentice c1810 Samuel Reeves c1810 Charlotte Webster c1810 John Wheatley John spent his adult life as a blacksmith in Crick and Rugby, a few miles West of his birthplace in Clipston, Northants c1811 Ann (unknown) c1811 Sarah (unknown) c1811 David Beck 1811 Ann Brough c1811 Eliza Cook c1811 Jane Cropp 1811 James Dimmock 1811 Harriett Eagles Harriett was the sister of Sarah (Joshua Jordan's first wife). After Sarah died, Harriett and Joshua lived together and had several children. No record of an actual marriage ceremony between Joshua and Harriett has yet been found, and we do not know whether a marriage ceremony ever occurred. At the time, Canon law prohibited such a marriage, though it did sometimes occur (e.g. Matthew Boulton). From 1835, it was specifically illegal, and the law prohibiting it was not repealed until 1907. So perhaps we can assume they never married.
Like Sarah, Harriett died young, shortly after giving birth. In the case of Harriet, she gave birth to Ellen Jordan in June 1846. Ellen was buried 16/07/1846, aged 5 weeks, and Harriet was buried ten days later.
1811 Charlotte Hobbs 1811 William Thomas Honnor Born in London, he spent most of his life as a gun maker in Enfield. Both his first and second marriages were to Elizabeths. The second Elizabeth may have been a widow of another Honnor although the William in that marriage declared his father to be Joseph, not James. c1811 Charlotte Jordan c1811 Mary Ann Morgan 1811 Joseph Pennell c1811 Ann Savage c1811 Henry Smith c1811 William Tanner 1812 John Beards c1812 Robert Bennett c1812 Elizabeth Brain Elizabeth seems to have spent all her life within a couple of miles of Berkeley. 1812 Maria Brough c1812 Amelia Busby c1812 Edward Busby Edward was a tailor (eventually a master tailor) living and working in the Banbury area. c1812 John Copperweat c1812 Thomas Jones 1812 Edward Jordan c1812 Elizabeth Manners Elizabeth was born in Fletching, but after (and probably before) she married Edward Tanner, she lived in Warnham (just over 20 miles away). They had at least 3 children. After Edward died, she moved back to Fletching, and remarried (to John Blanche) in 1851. c1812 Henry Morgan c1812 Samuel Summers c1812 Frederick Tekell c1812 Ann Tomalin c1813 Ann (unknown) c1813 William Bastock c1813 Mary Brough c1813 Harriet Busby 1813 Robert Busby c1813 Martha Crop 1813 David Eagle c1813 Emlin Gee c1813 Michael Hepburn 1813 Martha Hobbs 1813 John Kinch 1813 Kezia Knight 1813 Elizabeth Parker 1813 Sophia Radborne Sophia was probably born in Abingdon (just south of Oxford), which was in Berkshire at that time. c1813 Elizabeth Savage 1813 Edward Tanner Edward seems to have spent all of his life in the Rusper/Slinfold/Warham area of Sussex c1813 John Tanner c1813 Rebeccah Tomalin c1813 Sarah Walker c1813 John George Woodfield 1813 Emily Woolven c1814 Sarah (unknown) c1814 George Thomas Brough Named after his two twin brothers (born 1809) who had both died young. 1814 William Brough William was born in the Long Benton (now Longbenton) area north of Newcastle. He later reported (to his son) that he spent his early years in the Long Benton/Killingworth area. In adult life (as can be seen from his marriage, census returns and places of birth/deaths of his children) he moved around England, notably taking a job (in the late 1840s) with the Great North Railway, and eventually settling in West London: first working as a grocer and then opening up a laundry. Much of what we know of his later life comes from what he told his son JJ Brough in the 1880s and recounted by JJ to his son in the late 1940s. For example, in a 1948 letter (exact transcription):
He was a voracious reader and studied Theology.
He married young and referred used to call us his "bakers dozen". I infer that he had 13 children, 12 by his first wife But I can only account for 8 believing the other 4 to die young as it was a matter of course to breed rapidly in those times knowing 1 in 3 would die. We have altered all that.
In all probability it was through necessity of needing more money that caused him in middle age to leave the GNR and start a Laundry in Latimer Road, Shepherds Bush. I sincerely hope that washing linen brought in more money than engine driving but from what I know of the business I am inclined to doubt it.
By 1889 he was seemingly suffering a type of dementure, losing his mind and his way home. Inevitably the laundry business failed and Aunt Sarah bailed him out to the tune of £50. But it was clear things couldn't go on indefinately and so we mortgaged Stanly House in 1893. A year or so afterwards William took to his bed and died 5/1/1898 of abdominal obstruction the same problem that affected Aunt Elizabeth in 1894.
Probate for his estate to the value of £225 10s was granted to his wife Mary (née Jordan).
GNR ran the line to York (wikipedia entry for GNR) and also operated over NER lines, northward to Scotland (wikipedia entry for the NER). He also seems to have run a shop for a short time in London, before opening the laundry (see census); something not mentioned by his son JJ Brough. It seems he was (like many from the Newcastle area) an engineer. We do not know how or where he met his first wife, but we do know that in 1839 the couple were in Paddington (London) and in 1841 they were in Lane End, Longton, Staffs, where William worked as an engineer in a pottery company. In 1843, he was in Morpeth, Northumberland, working as an engineman.
The family's location in 1841 is confirmed by the birth registration of his daughter Mary Ann Brough (1841-2), whose mother's name is given as Tomalin, and place of birth as Longton. So (like his great grandson Michael) he worked at least for some time in the pottery industry in Longton!
c1814 Edward Brown c1814 Sarah Busby c1814 William Chitty c1814 Ann Collier c1814 Mary Embleton c1814 Eliza Friday 1814 Ann Elizabeth Jordan 1814 Sarah Knight c1814 Sarah Morgan 1814 Ann Taylor 1814 Benjamin Taylor c1815 Elizabeth (unknown) c1815 Hannah (unknown) c1815 Hannah (unknown) c1815 Charles Copperwheat Born in rural Buckinghamshire he (and family) moved to NW London circa 1865 and he became a dairyman. c1815 John Crop 1815 Ann Eagle c1815 Charlotte Humphreys c1815 Ann Loakes c1815 Jane Price 1815 Mary Tanner c1815 William Tanner 1815 Susannah Taylor c1815 Ann Thompson c1815 Joseph Tomalin c1816 George Bastock c1816 William Brough William seems to have quickly become successful as a paper mill proprietor, but either his business or health failed in the 1860s, and he died in 1869 at the relatively young age of 53. c1816 Joseph Copperwheat 1816 John Hobbs John seems to have spent most of his life in or near Banbury/Neithrop (Backley, Northants is just over 10 miles away). He married late, but after having three children, he and his wife seem to have split up, living separately (but close by) for many years. c1816 James Martin c1816 Emily Morgan Born, lived and died (unmarried) in West Grinstead, Sussex. c1816 William Piddington 1816 George Savage Born in the Wythall area of Worcestershire (South of Birmingham) George and his wife Esther seem to have spent all their lives within a couple of miles of the Wythall-Hollywood-Kingswood-Drakes Cross area. In the 19th century, this was a rural area, but it is now on the edge of the Birmingham conurbation. c1816 Elizabeth Tomalin After Elizabeth married William Brough and they had a number of children (possibly 12, of whom 8 are known at present). They married near her birth-place of Crick in Northants, but lived at several locations, before they ended up in London, where Elizabeth died in 1872.
The census record for 1841 is puzzling. It is hard to see how William and Elizabeth were in the Potteries. But it surely must be them as their daughter (born in Longton) has a birth certificate showing a mother's maiden name of Tomalin Their first child was born in Paddington (london) and their third is believed to have been baptised in Northumberland, near where Willaim was born.
c1816 Ann Wilmer c1817 James Brookes c1817 Robert Brough c1817 Thomas Brough Transported to Australia in 1838, after being sentenced to 7 years transportation at Stafford Quarter Sessions. Date of birth and place of birth conjectural, but he was a boatman. Included here for purposes of elimination. c1817 Walker Burden c1817 Elizabeth Cropp c1817 George Friday c1817 Samuel Hall 1817 Hannah Knight c1817 Louisa Miller 1817 Mary Fryer Parker c1817 Michael Pettifer 1817 Emily Clarissa Susan Roberts 1817 James Simmons c1817 James Smith c1817 Thomas Taylor c1818 Maria Bastock c1818 Mary Bentley c1818 Jane Brough c1818 John Thomas Busby 1818 Charles Eagles c1818 William Keen c1818 Mary Loakes 1818 James Pelham 1818 Sarah Savage 1818 Martha Tanner c1818 William Tomalin c1818 Mary Ann Wilmer 1818 William Woolven Born in West Grinstead, William was apprenticed in shoemaking and then spent all his life in the trade, mostly in Lewes. c1819 Mary Ann (unknown) c1819 Jane Brough 1819 Augustine Busby Augustine is a well-documented character from the Leafield/Northmoor/Finstock area (Oxfordshire). He dies at age 49, a typical (maybe even good) life expectancy for an Oxford agricultural labourer at that time. c1819 Mary Elizabeth Copperwaite c1819 Anne Cropp c1819 Mabel Gittins 1819 Mary Turnbull Grieves 1819 Harriett Hobbs c1819 Elizabeth Jones 1819 Ruth Parker c1819 Mary Ann Postans 1819 Hannah Simmons 1819 Elizabeth Taylor c1819 John Wiley c1820 Margaret (unknown) c1820 Eliza Barry c1820 Caroline Botting c1820 Robert Barnabus Brough c1820 Henry Burditt c1820 Elizabeth Carver 1820 George Eagle c1820 Charles Friday 1820 Joseph Robert Willis Fry c1820 Edwin Gardiner Edwin spent most (possibly all) of his life in the hamlet/village of Waterlane, in the parish of Bisley, Gloucs. c1820 Martha Howitt c1820 John Arthur Jones c1820 Anne Keen c1820 Benjamin Keen 1820 Catharine Ann Kendall c1820 Esther Maria Knowles Possibly born in Wythall, Esther seems to have spent all of her life in Drakes Cross. In the early and mid 19th century, this was a rural hamlet, but it is now on the southern edge of the Birmingham conurbation. c1820 William Loakes c1820 Harriet Morgan c1820 Hannah Morris A clearly-documented Oxfordshire working class woman. The only addresses associated with her are Fawler, Finstock, Asthally (Asthall Leigh?), and Leafield: all within 5 km of Leafield. There is no evidence she was ever outside this region. 1820 Richard Simmons c1820 John Tomalin c1820 David Tull c1820 William Turpin Only known through his marriage at present. 1820 Margaret Woolven c1821 Edward Brough c1821 Elizabeth Brough c1821 John Brough c1821 Thomas Copperwheat c1821 Charles Cropp c1821 William Embleton c1821 Jane Evans c1821 Jane Fox c1821 Elizabeth Freeman 1821 Margaret Grieves c1821 Benjamin Hart Benjamin left his birthplace sometime in his twenties and spent the rest of his life in South Wales, mostly working in the coal-mining industry. 1821 Joseph Hobbs c1821 Ann Brown Ildert c1821 Ann Overton c1821 Mary Ann Pearcy 1821 Hannah Savage 1821 Maria Tanner Maria was born in the Horsham/Rusper area of Sussex. She married William Woolven (from West Grinstead) and they then lived together in Lewes for almost 50 years. Maria herself lived to be about 88 years of age. c1821 James Taylor c1821 Samuel Taylor c1821 Frances Tonkin c1822 Jane (unknown) c1822 Sarah (unknown) c1822 Charles Frederick Brunton Frederick (as he was probably referred to) was born in Lewes, and was a printer in adult life. He married in 1844, but was absent from home in the 1851 census. He may have been working away from home, or he may have left his wife (who said she was married, although he was not present). He seems to have been living with someone else in Chester as a common-law wife in 1861. His whereabouts from October 1850 (when he was in Southover, Lewes, as evidenced by the christening of his daughter Eliza) to 1861 and subsequently are unknown. 1822 George Busby c1822 Benjamin Hart 1822 Sarah Hart 1822 Jane Hobbs c1822 Allen Jones Born in Cheltenham, and trained as a wheelwright. By 1844, he was practising as a carpenter and lived in Tewksebury Rd, Cheltenham (Harper's Cheltenham Directory and Guide 1844, shown as Jones, Allen, referenced at http://www.cheltenham4u.co.uk/community/familyhistory_searchresult.asp?txtSurname=carpenterMoved to West Bromwich in the 1870s. Died sometime between 1891 and 1901.
He was living at 43 White Hart Row, the same address as his wife Rebeccah. This road is now partially destroyed and known as White Hart St.
c1822 Charles Kinston c1822 Charles Morgan c1822 Charles Rabone 1822 Henry Simmons c1822 Ellen Stafford c1822 Harriet Tanner c1822 Harriet Elizabeth Taylor 1822 Samuel Tomalin c1822 Thomas Wilmer 1822 Harriet Woolven c1823 Elizabeth (unknown) c1823 Mary Ann (unknown) c1823 Ellen Barry Born in South Wales, it appears she and her sister Eliza moved to London sometime around 1840. In the 1891 census, they are living together with Ellen's husband. c1823 Thomas Brough c1823 William Brough c1823 John Nixon Busby 1823 Philip Busby c1823 Robert Busby c1823 Charlotte Cropp c1823 William Hart c1823 Mary Hazeldine c1823 Robert Hunt c1823 Sarah Jordan 1823 Sarah Keen c1823 Harriet Loake c1823 George Loakes c1823 Frances Morgan c1823 Anne Tanner Ann spent all her life within a couple of miles of Oakridge Lynch or Chalford, where she was born. It is not easy to decide which of the two she was born in. Maybe she was born in Chalford and moved to Oakridge Lynch (a couple of miles away) before 1841. c1823 Charles Taylor 1823 Eleanor Taylor Born in Bewdley, Ellinor moved with her mother to Birmingham c 1840 and then married in 1848. She remained in the All Saints/Aston area until the end of her life. c1823 Elizabeth Tyler c1823 Richard Woolven c1824 Thomas Brough c1824 Elizabeth Copperwheat 1824 Susannah Grieves 1824 Emma Hobbs 1824 Thomas Robinson Hobson c1824 Mary Ann Hughes c1824 William Jordan c1824 James Kinston James was married in 1844 (probably to Sarah Hanson) and emigrated to Australia with his family. c1824 Charlotte Mobley Charlotte was married twice, moving to the Birmingham area with her second husband. She seems to have been particularly close to her youngest child Susannah who also moved to the Birmingham area. c1824 Thomas Savage 1824 William Stroudley c1824 Leonard Dodge Westcott 1825 Amy Bowles 1825 Jane Bradbury c1825 Elizabeth Brough c1825 Mary Ann Brough c1825 Stephen Busby c1825 William Bushnell c1825 William Henry Chatfield c1825 Maria Garrett c1825 Rebecca Hart Born in Elmstone Hardwicke: a small village/hamlet near Cheltenham. Moved (with her family) to West Bromwich in the 1870s (in the census, Watville Rd is shown in Handsworth, but it is very near the Hawthorns). c1825 William Heritage 1825 Joseph Hobbs Joseph Hobbs was born and brought up in Banbury, then moved to Aston with his brother and sister between 1841 and 1851 and became (like several in his family) a maltster. Typical of the rural to urban migration of the time.
After he married in late 1853, he stayed in Aston.
c1825 Elizabeth Ildert 1825 Joseph Keen 1825 Mary Kinston Believed to have been married in 1849, probably to a James Reader. c1825 Charles Savage c1825 Jane Elizabeth Stafford 1825 Rebeccah Taylor c1825 Richard Woolven c1825 John Yates 1826 William Brough Known as an author, he was married twice, and died, leaving a widow and several children. c1826 Joseph Walter Busby c1826 Daniel Cook A very successful market gardener (see below). c1826 Joseph Copperwhate c1826 George Cropp 1826 Eleanor Eagle c1826 Samuel Eagle 1826 Ann Grieves c1826 Ann Jane Haynes c1826 Eliza Jordon At this time, only known from her christening record. 1826 Stephen Keen 1826 Thomas Kinston c1826 Harriet Loakes Harriet's father Peter died in 1827. 1826 Joseph Simmons c1826 Henry Smart c1826 Henry William Smart William spent nearly all his life in Chalfont, Gloucs 1826 John Taylor c1826 Thomas Taylor c1826 Sarah Wady c1827 Sarah Bennett c1827 Harriet Bishop c1827 William Brough c1827 William Chilton c1827 Thomas Eagle c1827 Isabella Embleton c1827 James Fairley James seems to have a long association with the Busby family (the 1901 census age is surely an error). Although he never married, doubtless he and Hannah were at least companions over the years after she was widowed in 1876. Although he was not lodging with the family in 1871, he seems to have lived/lodged with her from 1881 to his death in 1906 at the age of 77. 1827 George Hobbs George (and his brother and sister) left Banbury, where their family had been for some time and went to Aston. Typical of mid nineteenth-century migration from the rural workplace to the towns. One of a number of sons from the same family that became maltsters. c1827 Mary Ann Hobbs c1827 William Hodges c1827 Joshua Jordan c1827 Peter Giles Loakes c1827 John Lines Phillips 1827 Henry Smart c1827 Maria Smith 1827 Sarah Tanner c1827 Thomas Turpin 1827 George Woolven c1828 Thomas Bennett c1828 John Bradbury c1828 Henry Brough 1828 Eliza Busby 1828 Noel Busby c1828 Eliza Jane Cook 1828 Samuel Eagle c1828 Ann Fowler Ann seems to have spent all her life in Pershore, outliving her husband and most of her children. She must have been quite a remakable woman, living from before Queen Victoria came to the throne, through to be one of the first people to receive an old age pension in the 20th century. 1828 William Grieves c1828 John Hall c1828 Ellen Hampson Ellen was born in the St Helens/Liverpool area of Lancaster and was in Kent in her teens (possibly orphaned young) where she met her husband Robert and married at the age of about 18 or 19. c1828 Emily Charlotte Hobbs c1828 Emma Sarah Jordan 1828 Thomas Keen 1828 Joseph Kingston Born in a rural community (Rosliston, just South of Burton on Trent) in Derbyshire, Joseph spent the first few years of his life in typical rural jobs. In later years, he worked as a coal miner in the Cannock/Walsall area of Staffordshire, marrying Eliza Hobbs, who had moved to that area from Banbury, Oxfordshire. c1828 Hannah Meyrick 1828 Fanny (Frances) Taylor Fanny originated in Bewdley, Worcestershire and moved with the rest her family to Aston (Birmingham) some time in the 1830s. After she got married, she stayed in the area for the rest of her life.
At the time of her marriage (October 1855) she gave her age as 27, implying a birth between Oct 1827 and Oct 1828. Her baptism 25th April 1828 implies a birth that is probably after August 1827 (and before April 1828!). At her death, her age is recorded as 59, implying a birth between Sep 1826 and Sep 1827. Although some census ages have small discrepancies, we thus conclude she was born in 1827 or early 1828. She consistently gave her place of birth as Bewdley, which was the main settlement in the parish of Ribbesford (and thus where we would expect her baptism).
Fanny gave her residence as Highgate, Birmingham in her wedding certificate (1855). She was previously living in
Frederick St, Birmingham (in service) in 1851. Highgate is just over a mile from Frederick St. c1829 Sarah Bradbury c1829 Robert Brough c1829 Hannah Clark c1829 Sarah Cropp c1829 Elizabeth Ann Eagle c1829 Thomas Green c1829 Elizabeth Gregory 1829 Emma Hobbs Emma was born in Banbury, but like most of her siblings moved away, first to Northamptonshire, and then to Staffordshire with her husband Francis Wood. All of their children seem to have been born in Staffordshire, but they moved as a family (except her eldest daughter) to Knowl Hill, Berkshire, where she remained for the rest of her life.
Emma had 7 children and many (at least 31, maybe as many as 50) grandchildren who would have been alive at the time of her death.
c1829 Louisa Jones c1829 Sarah Sutton c1829 Joseph H Thompson c1829 Margaret Westbrook c1829 George Wilson c1830 Ann Aston 1830 Jane Brough 1830 Mary Elizabeth Chamberlain Brough c1830 William Hart Brough c1830 Harriett Busby c1830 Mary Anne Busby c1830 Daniel Copperwate c1830 Luke Embleton 1830 Kezia Friday c1830 Ellen Jordan Nothing is known of Ellen after the 1841 census. It is likely that she died before the birth of the second Ellen Jordan (see notes). 1830 Ann Mary Kemp c1830 Ann Kinston 1830 Isack Savage c1830 Henry Smart c1830 Henry Smart 1830 James Woolven c1831 Hannah M (unknown) c1831 Phoebe (unknown) c1831 William Beck c1831 Caroline Biggs Caroline spent 62 years of her life with William from when she was about 21 in 1853 to her death at the age of 84. c1831 Harriett Bradbury c1831 John Brough c1831 John Brough c1831 George Cook c1831 Maria Eagle c1831 Rhoda Elizabeth Hignell 1831 Anne Hobbs 1831 John Keen c1831 Elizabeth Kinston c1831 Henry Langridge 1831 Ann Reeves c1832 William Franklin Alsopp c1832 John Beck c1832 Jane Brough 1832 William Thomas Brough William was born the son of a well-known mining engineer in County Durham. At the age of 7, he went to Nova Scotia, when his father was appointed as a mining engineer consultant. He returned to England with his father and family some time before 1851 and followed his father's engineering profession. He seems to have been successful at it, ending up in Devon, where he retired on independent means with his wife Caroline (whom he was married to for over 60 years). After Caroline died, he appears to have lived with the one son (William Edward) that outlived them. c1832 Thomas Cropp 1832 Sarah Eagle c1832 Jane Merina Earp c1832 William Friday c1832 George Goodchild c1832 Matilda Gregory Mathilda seems to have spent almost all her life in Southam. It seems she had two long-term partners (having children with the first), though no marriage records have been found. 1832 Hannah Hobbs c1832 Joshua Jordan Joshua was reported to be very close to his half-sister Mary Jordan, who (as Mary Brough) described him as 'my dear brother' to her son Joshua Jordan Brough. c1832 Mary Elizabeth Kidd 1832 William Kinston c1832 Richard Morgan c1832 John Pennicard c1832 Joseph Rockley Joseph seems spent most of his adult life in army service, which explains the wide movement of his family. Whether Sarah Jane was his first wife is not yet known, but she was a lot younger than him. 1833 Hannah Elizabeth Brough 1833 Barnewell Busby Died in infancy (buried only a month after christening) c1833 Frederick Cook c1833 Harriet Eagle 1833 Maria Gardiner 1833 George Henry Giles c1833 Selina Jones 1833 Harriet Jordan c1833 Anne Keen c1833 Robert Pollitt c1833 Eliza Preese 1833 William Cooper Tomalin c1833 Francis Wood c1834 John Bourne c1834 Mary Ann Bradbury c1834 Mary Ann Bradbury c1834 Jane Brough 1834 William Brough 1834 Jesse Burden 1834 Ann Busby c1834 Emma Cropp c1834 John Embleton c1834 Martha Friday 1834 Eliza Hobbs Eliza Hobbs was born in Banbury and moved to Birmingham. After she married Joseph Kingston (from Derbyshire) July-September 1852 in Birmingham they moved to the Catshill/Brownhills area of Staffordshire (now part of Walsall), where Joseph worked as a miner. She remained within a mile or so of Catshill for the rest of her life. Typical of 19th century rural → urban migration in England. c1834 William Newark c1835 William Alder William is mainly evidenced in this study by his two wives (Rachel and Sarah Anne) and their offspring. An example of difficulties arising from census records only being every 10 years. A lot can happen in that time. 1835 Rachel Beck c1835 Ann Bennett c1835 Eleanor Ann Brough 1835 Maria Brough c1835 George Busby 1835 Phebe Busby c1835 William Busby c1835 Sarah Caroline Dovey After a brief marriage to Frederick Cook, she remarried William Wrathall. c1835 John Edward Dury c1835 Sarah Eagle c1835 Charles Robert Friday c1835 Fanny Gregory 1835 Elisabeth Jordan Elizabeth never married, ending up running a laundry business on Berrymead Rd. After her death, it was run by Clara Keen, the daughter of her sister Louisa. 1835 Leah Kinston 1835 Edwin Martin 1835 John Reeves c1835 Alfred Wilson c1836 (unknown) (unknown) c1836 Thomas Bradbury c1836 Lionel Brough c1836 Ralph Brough c1836 Albert Busby 1836 Harriet Busby c1836 Sarah Busby c1836 Alfred Cook 1836 Thomas Elliott c1836 Thomas Heath 1836 Fanny Hobbs c1836 Roseana Jones 1836 Robert Keen c1836 Charles Powell c1836 Hannah Saunders c1836 Ann Turner 1837 Emily Ann Brough c1837 Louisa Chitty c1837 Louisa Evesham 1837 Joseph Gregory 1837 Daniel Herbert 1837 Emma Heritage c1837 Elizabeth Hughes c1837 Louisa Jordan 1837 Emlin Reeves c1837 Ann Simms c1838 Margaret (unknown) c1838 George Bourn George seems to have been a Sussex farm labourer all his life. In 1911, he was living with his wife of 49 years and one of their daughters in a 3 room dwelling in Slaugham, Sussex. 1838 Samuel Bradbury c1838 John Cargill Brough c1838 Louisa Cargill Brough Louisa never married. Her estate was valued at £6830 0s 10d (a considrable sum in 1921); probate to rev Arthur Chilton D.D. and Percy Leigh Gregson (ship repairer). c1838 Alfred Busby c1838 William Busby Spent the first 20 or so years of his life near Banbury, then moved to Birmingham to work on the railways. 1838 Amos Cook 1838 Robert Copperwheat 1838 Fanny Drewett 1838 Samuel Dyke 1838 Harriett Eagle c1838 Mary Ann Eagle c1838 Mary Ann Gardiner 1838 Martha Gregory Martha never married and lived all her life within a few miles of her birthplace in South Warwickshire. 1838 Hannah Hall 1838 Joseph Honnor c1838 Alfred Jones? 1838 Mary Jordan 1838 Charlotte Miles 1838 Olive Tanner Olive was married for just over 50 years. In the 1911 census, when she was living with her husband George and daughter Elizabeth (44) in Slaugham, she reported that they had 7 children, all of whom were still alive. 1838 Catharine Tekell Catherine spent all her life in the village of Chalford, and appears to have had two (possibly three) children before she married Henry Smart. c1839 Hannah Maria Bridgman Hannah seems well-defined, including two marriages and two children. Notable in that her first husband William 'disappears' and she marries again (possibly bigamously, as we have no record of William's death and, indeed, he may himself have also have married again). This type of 'informal divorce' did occur in the nineteenth century, as divorce was not an option (except, rarely, through act of parliament; thus only an option for few). 1839 Ann Brough 1839 Anne Brough 1839 Elizabeth Brough Elizabeth was well-travelled: first around England with her father, and then emigrating to New York in 1870 or 1871. She died after 1908 (when her half-brother Joshua Brough reported she visited the UK), probably before 1915. c1839 John Brough 1839 Thomas Brough c1839 Charles Busby c1839 William Busby This is the William Busby known to have been born and brought up in Oxfordshire. His father was Augustine Busby. His whereabouts after 1861 are unknown, as is the place and date of his death (his wife reported he was alive in 1871). 1839 William Busby Another of the many William Busbys in Oxfordshire. 1839 Isabella Chitty Isabella looked after family (widowed brother and then father) and married late. She then moved to Aldershot circa 1897 and lived there unitil she died (probably in a nursing home in Farnham, Surrey) at the age of 86.
Her husband Jesse had spent some of his early years in Winterslow (he was there in the 1841 census), which is where Isabella's mother Harriet came from. Maybe Isabella and Jesse were very distantly related.
1839 Emma Giles 1839 Mathilda Jones 1839 Samuel Reeves c1839 Elizabeth Rushton 1839 Benjamin Smith 1839 Thomas Spencer c1839 Ann J Taylor 1839 Charles Vizard c1840 (unknown) (unknown) c1840 Elizabeth Barrett c1840 Samuel Bradbury 1840 Frances Victoria Brough c1840 Thomas Thomson Brough 1840 Richard Collett 1840 Phillip Cook c1840 George Copperwheat c1840 William Copperwheat 1840 William Eagle 1840 Samuel Hall Samuel came from Abbots Bromley Staffs, and seems to have spent most of his adult life in Stafford. 1840 Jane Hedley 1840 Johannah Herbert c1840 Samuel Jordan Samuel seems to have lived in Henry Street for all of his short life. His address at burial was given as Henry St, P. J. (unknown meaning), confirming him as Joshua's son. 1840 Margaret Rose Simpson c1840 Sarah Smart 1840 Samuel Summers An interesting man, with many occupations, and three wives. He crossed the Atlantic at least once in each direction. c1840 Elizabeth Tanner 1840 Joseph Tomalin Died in infancy (1 month). c1840 Ann Waters 1841 Elizabeth Bennett Married twice (the death of her first husband cannot be found however). In later years, she lived in Hobicus Road, where her mother had lived for some time. 1841 Elizabeth Brough 1841 Mary Anne Brough c1841 Charles Busby 1841 Richard Busby 1841 Robert Busby 1841 Sarah Ann Busby Sarah Ann had a long and interesting life. Born May 1841 and probably met William Alder in Stanton Harcourt when she was in service there. She married him in 1873, after his wife died. They went to Clitheroe (Lancashire) to work in the cotton industry, and some of Sarah's family also went with them, including Phyllis Busby, who was almost certainly Sarah Anne's illegitimate daughter. This is a typical mid 19th century move from the Oxfordshire countryside to an urban employment. c1841 William Busby William Busby is James's father. In the only two census records we have for him (1891, 1901) he gave his place of birth as the Irish Sea circa 1841. But his whereabouts from 1841 to 1888 are a mystery. He may be the same William as one from Oxfordshire (but then, what was he doing in the Irish Sea?); see notes below.
His wife Harriett indicated (in 1911) census that he was deceased and that she had been married for 22 years; that would make his death late 1910 or early 1911.
Possible death recorded in Kings Norton in October-December 1905 (6c, p 207). Under investigation.
1841 Helen Chitty 1841 Edmund Richard Friday c1841 William Honour William and his wife emigrated to the US in 1870 or 1871. He died (on the evidence of US census records) between 1880 and 1900. c1841 Caroline Jones 1841 Jane Reeves 1841 Mary Ann Smith 1841 Ann Tomalin 1841 Maria Walder c1841 Lydia Wood c1842 Mary Luckett Archer 1842 James Brough 1842 Thomas Wilfred Alfred Cheney c1842 Mary Ann Cook c1842 Charlotte Dimmock c1842 Charlotte Dimmock 1842 Mary Ann Farrow c1842 Septimus C Fleetwood Born in England, he emigrated to the USA in 1870 (travelling steerage, arriving New York 23/08/1870), and married Rebecca Barcham (née Brough) whom he had met on the voyage and was (reportedly) widowed about the time of her emigration. He was naturalised in 1884, and died in New Haven Connecticut.
He rose to prominence in the New Haven Railroad Company, as described in the New York Times:
SEPTIMUS C FLEETWOOD ——— Dies at 85 After 58 years With the
New Haven Railroad.
Special to The New York Times.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., Nov. 13. —
The death of Septimus C. Fleetwood, at his home in West Haven today, removed a unique railroad figure. Mr. Fleetwood, who was 85 years old, had been for fifty-eight years in the accounting department of the New Haven Railroad system, was Treasurer of the steamship department of the railroad, and was an authority on railroad conditions existing when he entered the service of the line in 1870. The New York terminus was then on the site of the Old Madison Square Garden. Mr Fleetwood moved to the Grand Central station in 1872 and to New Haven Oct. 1, 1887.
His knowledge of early railroading was constantly drawn upon by department heads for reference purposes.
The funeral services will be held tomorrow at 1 o'clock. Burial will be at Evergreen Cemetary.
——— 1842 Jane Heritage 1842 William Hobbs 1842 William Pelham c1842 Hannah Prentice When she married, Hannah signed her name, and was described as a spinster of full age, living on Cheapside. Her father was described as John Prentice, Gardener. A John Prentice attached his mark as witness; this is almost certainly her brother who was living with her (and their mother and step-father) in the 1861 census. c1842 Mary Isabella Russell c1842 James Thomas Tanner 1842 Benjamin Kendal Tomalin c1842 Susan Twynham c1842 Mary Ann Wiggins c1842 John Solomon Wilkes c1843 Mary Jane (unknown) c1843 James Allan Although he died young, he died wealthy. The grant of probate of his estate valued it at less than £6000 — a collosal amount in 1878 (equivalent to several millions at todays values). An amazing career, given that (if the identification is correct) that he was a coal miner, son of a coal miner when he was 18!
His burial record gives his occupation as commission agent.
c1843 Sarah Ann Allen 1843 Francis Brough Francis worked as a solicitors clerk, living in London all his life; he never married. 1843 Mary Ann Brough Mary Ann was born in Nova Scotia (where her father was working) and then returned to the Newcastle/Gateshead area where she married. She died after only 3 years of marriage at the age of 31, 1843 Mary Jane Brough Mary Jane is only known from her birth certificate and the 1851 census at present (see notes). c1843 William Henry Burden 1843 Augustine Busby A rural agricultural labourer, following in his father's footsteps. However, like so many rural Oxford workers, he ended up moving away from Oxfordshire. Whether he moved and then met his wife, or met her and then moved to marry her is unclear. It is also unclear whether any of his wife's pre-existing children were, in fact his.
Augustine seems to have commonly used the name George in christening of his children and marriage. Maybe he thought Augustine was not 'religious'. He chose to use Augustine in dealings with the state and for several of his childrens' names.
c1843 Jane Busby c1843 Solomon Busby c1843 William Charles Challen 1843 Walter Chitty Walter was married twice, and spent all his working life in teaching, ending as principal of a school in Pewsey, Wilts. He was a recognised organ composer. He also authored several books, and contributed to gardening publications (notably on bee-keeping and honey production). 1843 Rose Ann Betsy Copperwheat 1843 Richard Dean 1843 Harriet Dring 1843 Dorothy Eagle 1843 Sarah Ann Eagles c1843 Alfred Giles It seems likely that Alfred had several brushes with the law in Leighton Buzzard and area (not confirmed, as only name has been recorded for the offences). His marriage seems to have only led to a short cohabitation with is wife. Whether poverty fuelled criminality or vice-versa is not clear. 1843 George Hobbs 1843 Susannah Holden Married and widowed young, her second marriage lasted at least 42 years (she was still with Henry in 1911). She clearly had many children, but it is perhaps unlikely that all the children shown as her children in some censuses are hers; at least some were probably grandchildren. c1843 William Jones 1843 Sarah Shipway 1843 Hannah Symonds Hannah spent most (possibly all) here life in Sussex. Her hisband was often away from home, working as a stone mason. She had no children but looked after her sister's Mercy's children, after her sister was widowed and had to go into service to support herself. 1843 Sarah Anne Tomalin c1844 Elizabeth Bradbury 1844 Mary Brough 1844 William Henry Busby 1844 Ebenezer Chitty c1844 Charles Cook Along with many of his family, Charles was probably a gardener. He may have married a Lucy Libenrood in 1865, but this is not confirmed as there are several other Charles Cooks in Cheltenham of the same age. c1844 Reuben Copperwheat 1844 John Gregory c1844 Elizabeth Sanders 1844 John Smiles 1844 Mary Ann Stroudley 1844 John Tiley John was born in Wiltshire and in adult life was a stone mason. He was married to Hannah for over 40 years, though they had no children. As a mason, he was often working away from home (Brighton). He and his wife brought up two of her sister's children: Ida and Florence (Annie). 1844 Richard Tomalin Died in infancy (burial record gives age as 20 months) 1844 Caroline Woodfield c1845 Sarah Beck c1845 Ann Brough 1845 Charlotte Brough 1845 John Brough c1845 Charles Frederick Brunton c1845 Robert Burchum c1845 George Busby 1845 John Busby c1845 William Busby 1845 William Busby 1845 Ann Copperwheat 1845 William Wheatley Dodds c1845 George Eagle 1845 Sarah Jane Green c1845 Henry Hepburn 1845 Mary Hobbs 1845 Julia Hughes Julia was illegitimate, but used her stepfather's William Hart's family name; it is not clear whether he was her natural father. Possibly not, as she may have been brought up by her maternal grandparents (she was with them in the 1851 census).
She appears to have lived in Cheltenham all her life.
c1845 Henry Jones Henry spent all his life in West Bromwich as far as we know, though he may have been born just over the border in Handsworth. c1845 Elizabeth Pelham 1845 Elizabeth Smith c1845 Sarah Stroudley 1845 Mercy Symonds Mercy was married three times. She had 3 children with her first husband William, who died suddenly, leaving her penniless. She had to go back into service (she had been in service before she was married), leaving her three young children with her sister in Brighton (though her youngest at least later spent some time with her). Her two later marriages were to men she had been a housekeeper for; neither marriage lasted long. Her second husband died soon after the marriage, and she formally separated from her third husband only a year after they married. 1845 John Tiley 1845 Elizabeth Tomalin c1845 Charles Walker c1846 Robert Barcham Only known in this study because of his brief marriage to Rebecca Brough (later Fleetwood) c1846 Edward Brough Born whilst his father was working in mining in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia (Canada) he returned to the North East with his parents some time in the 1840s. He is famous for founding the Broughs chain of grocery stores.
For further details, see the Heaton History web site.
1846 Robert Brough 1846 Martha Jane Brunton Born and brought up in Brighton, she married Henry Woolven and moved to South London c1846 John Busby c1846 William Busby 1846 Eli Garton 1846 Mary Ann Hobbs 1846 Mary Ann Hobbs 1846 Martha Ann Johns 1846 Ellen Jordan 1846 Albert Land Newdick 1846 Alfred Taylor 1846 William Tomalin c1847 Caroline Bennett c1847 Sarah Jane Bolina Sarah was married young and widowed very shortly afterwards, remaining (as far as we know) in the Farnborough/Aldershot area for the rest of her life. 1847 Elizabeth Brough 1847 Elizabeth Brough 1847 William Mark Brunton c1847 Charles Busby 1847 Sarah Busby 1847 Thomas Chitty When he died, his occupation was recorded as a retired jobbing gardener. 1847 Caleb John Copperwheat c1847 Jane Copperwheat c1847 Selina Ann Gregory c1847 James Hollington Ruth Simmonds second husband, reported (by JJ Brough) to have been a Baptist minister when they married late in life. As there were several James Hollington (usual spelling; see notes) births registered around 1847, it has not yet been possible to determine who James was. 1847 Caroline Harriet Payne Died in childbirth (or shortly after) only a year after she was married. c1847 Catharine Pelham c1847 Thomas Smith 1847 George Tomalin George's first marriage was very short and sad (losing his wife and daughter after only a year of marriage). His second marriage (to his cousin; perfectly legal) lasted many years. However, his only child by his second marriage also died fairly young (42) when on active service in World War I. 1847 Henry Woolven From Sussex, he married in Brighton and moved to South London. 1848 David Beck 1848 Robert Bennett 1848 Ann Brough 1848 Barbara Brough 1848 Emily Brough c1848 Mary Catharine Brown Mary married a (probably) mariner George Higgs, after his first wife died. He too died, after they had been married less than 3 years. Nevertheless, she brought up his daughters as her own, and the youngest was still living with her (aged 30) in 1911. It is interesting to note that although her step-daughter was a teacher, Mary completed the 1911 census return herself — clearly and without error; she must have been well-educated.
Mary lived at 22 Cleveland Rd from before the 1901 census up to her death (place of death given in probate records).
c1848 Alfred Busby c1848 Thomas Busby 1848 William Busby 1848 Ellen Cook 1848 Mary Dent c1848 Emma Foster 1848 Harry Edwin Fry 1848 George Higgs George was a mariner and was awarded a Mate's Certificate 4th May 1870 (when he would have been 21). George married Mary Elizabeth Hepburn and appears to have had 3 children with her. After she died, he married Mary Catharine Brown who outlivd him. 1848 Sarah Ann Hobbs c1848 Joseph Moore c1848 John Thomas Nicholson Brought up in Seaham, he married Elizabeth Brough (also of Seaham) and moved to Sunderland, where he died. He was a chemist and druggist by trade. He was quite successful, judging by the probate estimate (less than £3000) on his estate. But as Elizabeth's family seem to have been relatively well-off, this may have been partly inherited. 1848 Ruth Simmonds 1848 Henry Smith 1849 Ellen Rebecca Brookes c1849 Ann Brough 1849 Ellen Brough 1849 Mary Stafford Brough 1849 Rebecca Brough Rebecca married young and her husband went to the USA. He sent for his wife and daughter, but unknown to them, he died before they reached the US. Now widowed, Rebecca married someone she had met on the boat and (as Rebecca Fleetwood) spent the rest of her life in the US, dieing at the age of 63 in New Haven Connecticut.
Rebecca's brother John also ended up in Connecticut.
1849 Robert Hazledine Brough 1849 Mary Ann Brunton 1849 Thomas Busby 1849 Lucy Cook 1849 Charles Cresswell 1849 Elizabeth Ann Fletcher Elizabeth lived in Cheltenham all her life and was married to Edwin for at least 30 years. As reported in the 1911 census return, they had no children. c1849 Phoebe George 1849 Ellen Mumford c1849 Sarah Jane Richards 1849 Catherine Tomalin 1849 Rebecca Tomalin 1849 Harriet Mabel Wiley 1849 William Yates 1850 Fanny Humphreys Brough Fanny never mrried nd lived in London all her life. 1850 William Henry Brough 1850 Eliza Harriett Brunton c1850 Elizabeth Busby 1850 James Busby 1850 Mary Jane Busby c1850 Rose Busby Born in Oxfordshire. Rose moved to Birmingham with her parents to Aston (now part of Birmingham, but then separate) and then to Balsall Heath (then part of Kings Norton, Worcs, but now part of Birmingham). She was in Balsall Heath from about 1881 to the end of her life. For many years, she lived next door to her parents in Tindall St. 1850 Eliza Jane Copperwheat c1850 Thomas Franklin c1850 Walter John Franklin 1850 Charles Barry Fry A decorator by trade, he died young, leaving a widow and two children. 1850 Charles Hobbs 1850 James Hobbs 1850 Charles Jones 1850 Ann Simmonds 1850 Sarah Tomalin c1850 Jane Turner 1850 Rebecca Jane Wheatley Spent all her short life in Rugby. 1851 Thomas Brewer 1851 Benjamin Milburn Brough 1851 Margaret Brough Margaret was born in Herts, and her first 20 years are well-known. Last seen in London, she was reported by her half-brother JJ Brough never to have married and to have died in 1895. c1851 William Brough 1851 Sarah Ann Bushnell c1851 Frederick William Collins 1851 William Hardwidge 1851 Charles Hart 1851 Joseph Hobbs c1851 Lucy Hooper 1851 Martha Jordan Martha never married. She was obviously very close to her younger sister Charlotte and seems to have lived with her all her life, even after Charlotte married. After Charlotte's husband Walter died in 1918, Charlotte and Martha stayed together until their deaths in in their 80s. c1851 Susannah Lawton 1851 Georgina Smart 1851 William Columbus Steel c1851 Emily Tomalin 1851 Robert Yates 1852 Joseph Bradburn 1852 John Brough John was born in Hatfield, but spent much of his early life in London. He trained as a carpenter, and became a cabinet maker. After John married in 1880, he lived with his sister and brother-in-law (the Copperwheats) before he emigrated to the US (New Haven, Conneticut) about 1884. He died in New Haven Conneticut in 1902. His sister Rebecca also ended up in New Haven. 1852 Avery Burditt c1852 Emily Busby c1852 Emily Busby Emily's early life was in Oxfordshire, in the Asthall Leigh/Leafield/Finstock area. She moved to Clitheroe, Lancashire to stay with her sister Sarah Ann Busby before 1881 and then married. c1852 Henry Busby 1852 Sarah Hannah Busby c1852 John Colley 1852 Thomas Crampton 1852 Eliza Emma Fry Born in London, she emigrated to the US with her husband (circa 1883). She lived to a great age: she died only a month or so short of her 101st birthday (her recorded age at death of 99 is incorrect); one can only hope she knew she had lived to be a centenarian! 1852 Jennet Hall c1852 Mary Jane Henderson Mary Jane married twice.Her first husband died very shortly after their marriage and birth of their only son. Mary Jane brought up her own son Thomas Scott Allan and two step-children, remarrying a few years later. Her first son Thomas Scott was the executor for her estate when she died at the age of 85. 1852 Mary Elizabeth Hepburn Mary's marriage is well-documented, and she had three children shortly afterwards. She probably died in childbirth or shortly afterwards, with her third child. Her husband may have been a sailor (he was certainly absent for the 1881 census). 1852 Sarah Ann Hobbs c1852 Caroline Holyfield c1852 John Self 1852 Ann Tomalin Smith 1852 James Tomalin Wheatley 1852 Elizabeth Catherine Yates 1853 Thomas Brough 1853 William Brough William was a musician, living in London all his life. He never married. 1853 Edward Brunton c1853 William Busby 1853 Hannah Collins 1853 Joseph Copperwheat A twin who died in infancy; his twin (Thomas) survived. 1853 Sarah Sabina Copperwheat 1853 Thomas Copperwheat 1853 Eliza Emily Gardiner Emma (as she called herself) was born in Waterlane, Gloucs and moved to the West Midlands (Smethwick) and married William Hobbs in Aston at the age of 30. They had 4 children, all of whom survived to adulthood. 1853 James Hall 1853 Charlotte Jordan Charlotte was born in London. At the time of her marriage in 1881, both she and her husband were schoolteachers. After they married, they lived in Pewsey, Wiltshire.
Charlotte was obviously very close to her sister Martha, who lived with Charlotte (and her husband until he died) until their deaths in Sodbury, Gloucs in 1939. Charlotte and Martha had been together for 86 years!
1853 Jane Kinch c1853 Sarah Masefield 1853 Thomas Moreby 1853 George Alderson Nimmo 1853 Mary Rabone 1853 Henry William Smart 1853 George Teagle c1853 Ellen White c1854 Frederick Alder c1854 Mary Ann Bishop 1854 Charles Breach c1854 Jane Ann Brough 1854 Mary Jane Brough c1854 Sarah Ann Burditt c1854 Elizabeth Busby 1854 Emily Jane Busby c1854 Harriet Busby c1854 John William Busby 1854 Selina Matilda Cook c1854 William Fletcher 1854 Harriet Elizabeth Fry Born in London, she moved to Brighton and ran a laundry service with Emily Keen (her sister-in-law). They lived there together until their deaths. 1854 Thomas Hall 1854 Charles Hart 1854 Caroline Hobbs c1854 Emily Pardoe c1854 John Poole c1854 Selina Pritchard 1854 Jabez Smart c1854 Harriet Turpin Little is known about Harriett. If her age of 6 in the 1861 census is accurate, she was born before her mother Harriet Woolven married William Turpin in 1856. c1854 Harriett Jane Wall 1854 Clara Alice Wymark 1855 Laura Emily Blake c1855 Ellen Brough 1855 Henry Wall Brough 1855 Thomas Brough 1855 Henry Busby c1855 Mary Ann Busby 1855 William Henry Jolly c1855 Joseph Moore 1855 John Tomalin Smith c1855 Armigill Thomas Turpin Born in Australia, be lived in England. Awarded OBE. c1855 Harriett Turpin c1855 Mary Ann Ward 1856 Catharine Tomalin Brough 1856 Margaret Ann Brough 1856 William Thomlin Brough 1856 Albert Busby 1856 Selina Busby 1856 Sarah Ann Collins 1856 Julia Annie Fry 1856 Thomas Gubbins 1856 Louisa Hall 1856 George Hobbs Born in Aston, George appears to have spent at least the first 35 years of his life there (he 'disappears' after 1891), working as an engineering fitter in a factory (or factories). Although he married twice, it appears there were no children; at least, none that survived infancy. c1856 Harry Hobbs c1856 Caroline Emily Jones The daughter of a wheelwright (Allen Jones) from rural Cheltenham. The family came to the West Bromwich area (then referred to as Handsworth in the census) sometime in the 1870s. When married, she lived mostly within a short distance of Victoria Park, Smethwick.
The 1911 census indicates Caroline had 9 children born alive and one of those had subsequently died).
c1856 Ellen Kellithorne Widowed after only 5 years of marriage, Ellen moved from London to Brighton as a domestic cook, boarding her two young children in nearby Hove. By 1911, the family was back together, in a significant dwelling. She truly did well to overcome adversity.
Note that she is another of the 'Fry clan' who moved from London to Brighton. This was, of course, not unusual in the late 1800s.
c1856 Edward Slow 1856 Josiah Smart One of the key figures in this study. Josiah seems to have spent all his life within about a mile of Victoria Park, Smethwick. His grand-daughter remembered him living in Pool Rd 1856 Selina Turner 1856 Sarah Ann Wood Born in the Wednesbury area of the West Midlands, Sarah moved with her parents to the Castle Church district of Stafford. Although her parents moved to Knowl Hill in Berkshire, Sarah stayed in Staffordshire, where she met her husband Samuel Hall, who was from Abbots Bromley. After briefly living in Abbots Bromley, they moved to the Tixall Rd/Weston Rd area of Stafford. c1856 Fanny Yates 1857 Daniel Andrews 1857 Jane Barber 1857 Benjamin Stafford Brough 1857 Benjamin Thomas Brough 1857 Mary Jane Brough c1857 Frank Busby c1857 Hannah Busby c1857 William Busby c1857 George Cook 1857 Charles Hart 1857 William Hart c1857 James Hobbs 1857 Henry Joshua Jordan 1857 Emma Kinch 1857 Harriet Ledger c1857 John Taylor 1857 William Henry Woolven Trained as a printer, then worked as a compositor and printer. Became a licensee (in 1885 or 1886) at first in Lewes, then moving to Eastbourne to manage the Victoria Hotel, where he died 11 October 1890 (reportedly of fits).
JJ Brough (husband of William's daughter Florence) reported in 1948 that in conversations with Harry Simmonds, he gathered William had been drinking heavily in Eastbourne, although he had previously been abstemious.
1858 Prudence Blackford c1858 Jane Busby 1858 William Henry Ferris 1858 Godfrey Robert Fry c1858 Alfred Hobbs 1858 Alice Annie Jordan 1858 Harriett Edith Kingstone Harriett was born in Staffs, UK, but emigrated to Australia. She was murdered by her son-in-law, who also killed his daughter Annie (whom Harriett had raised after her mother had died). She was fondly remembered by those who knew her in her 30 years in Queensland. She had experienced tragedy before her sad end, with several of her children dying and leaving young families. 1858 William Hignell Phillips c1858 Susannah Stroudley Susannah was born in Oxfordshire and moved to Birmingham with her mother and her mother's second husband. 1858 Harriet Jane Turpin Born in Australia, she lived in England most of her life. She never narried. c1859 William Henry Barrett 1859 Emily Bourne 1859 Dorothy Brough 1859 Henry Wall Brough c1859 Fanny Busby 1859 Edwin James Cook Edwin spent all his life in Cheltenham, except for a brief spell in Guiting Power, where he was a school teacher. He had an odd combination of employments. He was married to Elizabeth for at least 30 years, though they had no children. c1859 Elizabeth Elliott 1859 William Embleton Born in Durham, he emigrated to the USA in 1887, arriving New York 2nd March 1887. He was naturalised in Hocking, Logan Ohio, in 1884 and resided in Ohio until his death, although he obtained a US passport in 1920 to visit relatives in England. 1859 George Hall 1859 Harriet Elizabeth Hobbs Unlike her husband William, Harriett's life is well-documented. She had five children who lived to majority, and one (name as yet unknown) who died as an infant. We have a portrait of Harriett and her husband William. Although Harriett spent all her life in Aston (Birmingham) or Smethwick, both her parents came from a rural background: her father George from Banbury and her mother Frances (Fanny) from Bewdley.
After her husband died, Harriett owned property (notably 73 Moilliett St), where she may have run a shop. As an owner of property, she was on the electoral roll.
c1859 James Jones 1859 Mary A Kinch 1859 Joseph Thompson c1859 William Turner c1859 Ellen Jane Yates 1860 William Joseph Allcott c1860 William Allert 1860 Mary Ann Bridgman 1860 Bennett Hooper Brough A well-known engineer. c1860 James Busby 1860 John Busby c1860 Edward Cross Born in Nottinghamshire, Edward married in the 1880s, and married Fanny Hobbs. They had 7 children in the Aston and Sutton Coldfield area of Warwickshire, but 4 died in childhood. Edward's wife died young, and he returned to Nottinghamshire. 1860 Alexander Cummings c1860 Edmund Shakespeare Dury 1860 Sophia Gale 1860 Agnes Hall c1860 Ann Hatton 1860 Alice Hobbs 1860 William Hobbs Born in Aston, William initially copied his father by being a maltster, but soon changed and worked as a striker (metal trade) and engineer. He married at 22 and had 4 children, all of whom survived to adulthood. 1860 Mary Ann Jones 1860 Clara Keen 1860 Agnes Martin 1860 Sarah Ann Savage 1860 Mathilda Smart 1860 Joseph Tull 1860 Henry Gilbert Whyatt 1860 John Henry Wood c1861 Albinia (unknown) c1861 Albert Edward Atkins c1861 Harriett Beck Harriett is probably Rachel's illegitimate daughter. 1861 Edwin Brough 1861 Thomas Brough 1861 Fanny Busby 1861 Philip Busby 1861 Phillis Busby Phillis was born in rural Oxfordshire, and ended up in Clitheroe, Lancashire. In spite of the census entries, it is clear she was baptised as Sarah Anne's Busby's illegitimate daughter (when she married, she gave her father as William Alder, but this is unlikely; see notes). 1861 Rosina Fry 1861 Thomas William Heath 1861 Emily Keen Emily was living in the same house as Harriett Fry in 1881. They moved to Brighton circa 1900 and ran a laundry business there, living there until they died. 1861 Susieanna King 1861 Joseph Suffield 1861 Ellen Eugine Tekell 1861 James Joseph Wigley 1861 Clara Yates 1862 Jane Ellen Atkinson 1862 Thomas William Bradbury 1862 Susan Martha Hall 1862 Ellen Maria Heath 1862 Ellen Lucy Jane Hodges Ellen seems to have never married (in the 1891, 1901, 1911 and censuses, she was living with her younger brother). In the 1871 census, she was an inpatient in a hospital. c1862 Alfred Jones 1862 George Albert Keen 1862 Walter Henry Keen Believed to have emigrated to the USA (reported by JJ Brough), possibly circa 1890. 1862 Joseph Charles Taylor 1862 John Twynham 1862 Eliza Jane Wilson 1862 Francis Charles Wood 1862 Maria Annie Woolven Commonly known as Annie, although christened Maria Annie (maybe to avoid confusion with her mother). She was born in Lewes, Sussex, and spent most of her life nearby, although she may have briefly been in service in Kingston, Surrey in her teens, before her first marriage at the age of 22. 1863 John Hunter Brough 1863 Mary Bessie Brough c1863 Joseph Busby c1863 Selina Busby 1863 George Harry Davis c1863 Eleanor Shakespear Dury 1863 Jane Heritage 1863 Louisa Jane Heritage 1863 Abigail Hobbs 1863 Fanny Hobbs Born in Aston, she married and died young. In the 1911 census, Edward (her late husband) indicated they had 7 children, of whom only 3 were still alive in 1911. 1863 Beatrix Pollitt 1863 Lilan Pollitt 1863 Georgina Prentice Georgina was born before her mother was married, but she was known as Georgina Busby. Indeed, she may have been completely unaware that her birth was registered as Hannah Prentice. Her mother was married when she was only a year old. [As her mother lived in Mill St before she was married, and then after she was married, it is more probable Georgina's situation was at least known to her family.] c1863 Harry Turner c1863 Emma Ward 1863 Clara Whitehouse 1863 Jane Emma Willis Jane seems to spent all her life within 5 miles of her birth place. In the 1911 census, she reported that she had had 15 children, of whom 13 were still alive. 1863 Mary Wood c1863 Alice Ann Yates c1864 Arthur Baker c1864 Ellen Bourn 1864 Ada Mary Brough c1864 Walter Busby 1864 Allen Cook Allen spent his early years in Cheltenham. Significantly, he was appointed to the Midland Railway 29/09/1890 as a porter on a wage of 16s a week. Initially, he is reported to have been at Ben Riley Road, but this location is unknown. 1864 Frederick Octavius Fry 1864 Arthur Henry Heath c1864 Edward Jones 1864 Jabez Elijah Perkins 1864 Harry Soffee c1864 Sarah Ann Spencer c1864 John Taylor 1864 John Turley c1864 David Twigg Trained as a teacher and became a church minister after he married. 1864 Fanny Wood Born in Staffordshire, she moved to Berkshire and, in 1891, she was working as a cook in Moulsford Lunatic Asylum, where her future husband (they married in 1894) was also working. [When she married, her address was Brownlow Rd, Reading, but she is shown as not working.]
In the 1911 census, she stated that she had had 8 children, of whom 6 were still alive, and 2 had died (the two who had died were her twins, born November 1901).
Her death certificate states that five children were still alive:
- Arthur Edward, aged 36
- Francis Charles, aged 34
- Leonard Alfred, aged 25
- Phyllis Edna, aged 23
1 female deceased, 2 males deceased
In 1912, Fanny and her family (husband Arthur and all 6 children) emigrated to Australia. She was pre-deceased by her daughter Alice, but her other 5 children outlived her.
c1865 Frederic Alder Frederick probably stayed in the Stanton Harcourt area when his father went north to work in the cotton industry. 1865 Albert Edward Brough 1865 Robert Sydney Brough c1865 Alfred Henry Busby c1865 Charles Busby 1865 William George Gregory c1865 Minnie Sanders Hitchman 1865 Louisa Keen c1865 Thomas Linney 1865 Robert Barnabus Pollitt c1865 Harry Simmonds Harry was reported by JJ Brough to FW Brough (both of whom knew him) in his 1947 letters to have been Ruth Symmonds illegitimate son, probably following an affair that Ruth had with an Italian waiter. This is consistent with his presence with his grandparents in Lewes in the 1871 census. So this seems to be certain. He was her illegitimate son.
On the face it, Harry was thus born in late 1862 or early 1863, in Eastbourne, where Ruth had been with her parents in the 1861 census. She may by then have been in service in Brighton. Certainly, there is a birth of a Henry Simmonds registered in Brighton in 1862. So she might have conceived the child in either Eastbourne of Brighton, and given birth at her parents house (common practice in those days), and then registered the birth in Brighton. We do not have the birth certificate to hand as yet to confirm this.
All the above seems plausible. Indeed, quite normal for mid 19th century illegitimate births. Except that Ruth was quite clearly only born in 1848, so she was only 22 or 23 by the time of the 1871 census — yet Harry was reported by his grandparents to be 8 at that time. Which would make Ruth only 14 or 15 when she gave birth! Possible, but very, very unusual. [Note that girls/women could marry once they were 12 until the 1920s in England. But births at such a young age were quite exceptional, and the mean age at which girls would have been able to conceive in 19th century England was probably about 16 (as opposed to the 12 to 13 of 2000).]
Given this discussion, the birth of Harry in 1862/3 must be considered putative as yet, until a birth certificate can be obtained.
1865 Joseph Kendal Tomalin 1865 Matilda Bertha Waymouth 1865 Laura Yates 1866 Elizabeth Bourn 1866 Edward Hudson Brough 1866 Jesse Alice Willis Fry 1866 Ellen Gregory 1866 Minnie J Hall 1866 James Heritage 1866 Ellen Hobbs 1866 Esther Hobbs 1866 George Henry King 1866 Rosina Emma Oaten 1866 John Henry Prowse 1866 Alfred Piram Summers 1866 Emma Wood 1867 Rosa Barcham Born in England (Kensington, London) she left Liverpool on the City of Washington (Inman Line) and arrived in New York 23rd August 1870 before she was 3. Her mother married Septimus Charles Fleetwood after she discovered her husband had died (it is assumed, though no death record has yet been found). Rosa used the family name Fleetwood, though Septimus Charles Fleetwood was not her father. 1867 Fanny Murray Brough Fanny never married and spent almost all her life in Richmond. 1867 William Edward Brough c1867 Joseph Busby 1867 Rosina Elizabeth Cook 1867 Mary Ann Heath 1867 Lucy Hobbs 1867 Edward Francis Keen 1867 Anthony Joseph Henry Rockley 1867 Emily Sessions 1867 Eleanor Spencer 1867 Annie Thornby 1868 Annie Bourn 1868 William Russell Brough 1868 William Thomas Busby 1868 Beatrice Emily Willis Fry 1868 Harriet Gregory 1868 Esther Hale 1868 William Hall 1868 Horace Heath 1868 Thomas Brough Nicholson 1868 William Ralph 1868 Albert Edgar Rockley Albert followed his late father into military service. He (like most of his family) died young. 1868 John Tomalin Spencer 1868 Arthur Charles Tanner Emigrated with his family to Australia in 1912, sailing on SS Demostenes (7000 tons), which left London 26/06/1912 and arrived Sydney 11/08/1912. They were sponsored (by Nestlé). 1868 Julia Ann Teakle c1869 Henry Alder 1869 Thomas S Allen 1869 Robert Brough Barcham Born in England (Kensington, London) July to September 1969, he left Liverpool on the City of Washington (Inman Line) and arrived in New York 23rd August 1870; he would have been at most 12 months old on the voyage, which was made stowage. Despite some reports, he did not die on the voyage, but probably shortly afterwards. 1869 Samuel Bradbury 1869 Georgina Mary Brough 1869 Thomas Brough c1869 Samuel Busby c1869 William Busby c1869 Fanny Matilda Jones 1869 Alfred Joshua Keen c1869 Edward Webb 1870 Harriet Ann Bailey 1870 Olive Bourn 1870 Samuel Bradbury 1870 Margaret Brough 1870 Oliver Thomas Cook 1870 Emily Gregory c1870 Ellen Hart 1870 Ellen Hannah Hart 1870 Sarah Jane Heath c1870 Albert Hobbs 1870 Fred Kingston c1870 John Thomas Leech 1870 Frederick Miller 1870 Edwin John Nicholson 1870 Hugh Pollitt 1870 Horace Wood Rockley c1870 Annie Teakle 1870 Caroline Harriet Tomalin This child only survived (at most) a few weeks after her mother (who died in giving birth or very shortly afterwards). 1871 Lizzie Brough Allan 1871 Joseph William Brough c1871 Florence Elizabeth Busby 1871 Mary Jane Busby 1871 Thomas Busby 1871 Walter Seymour J Chitty 1871 George John Hall 1871 Elizabeth Honour c1871 Emily Marley 1871 Brian Stafford Nicholson 1871 Walter Thomas Young 1872 Edith Marsden Brough 1872 Zelmira Collins 1872 Rose Bertha Dent 1872 Agnes Emma Heath c1872 William Jordan Keen 1872 Daniel Lovegrove 1872 Edith Elizabeth Rockley Edith's life was very much tied around the military. She was mostly brought up in Greenwich (specifically Plumstead perhaps; maybe Robert Street) near Woolwich where her faher was probably based; she may have been born in Kensington, where the family was around 1872–3. [The family's movements in London may be discovered by looking at her siblings records.]
Her family moved to the Aldershot/Farnborough area in the late 1870s, where her father probably died. After leaving the orphanage where their mother worked, she went into service in the same road. In 1892, she married another serviceman (who she probably met when he was working at Aldershot, maybe lodging nearby). She returned to her husband Samuel's birthplce area (South Staffordshire) in the mid 1890s and they had a many children.
1872 Florence Elizabeth Smart 1872 Thomas Wood c1872 Thomas Freeth Wright c1873 Emma Jane Alder It is an interesting challenge to discover Emma's parents. Her move from rural Oxfordshire to Lancashire is typical of the rural → urban migration of the time. 1873 James Allen 1873 Mary Jane Bourn 1873 Annie Brough 1873 William Augustine Busby 1873 Mary Ann Goodall c1873 Emily Maria Hart 1873 Eden Keen Eden was unmarried (and age recorded as 34) when she arrived in Montreal, Canada on the sailing ship Lake Eyrie 3rd May 1908. Her ultimate destination was given as Edmonton. c1873 George Bennett Nicholson c1873 George William Townley c1874 George Biggs 1874 Joshua Jordan Brough 1874 Florence Emily Busby c1874 Sarah Busby 1874 Olivia Maria Isabelle Chitty 1874 George Colley 1874 Emily Margaret Sophia Ellen Dean c1874 Edwin John Hardwidge c1874 Charles William Hart 1874 Frank Howard Heath c1874 Harry Kingston c1874 Joseph Moore c1874 William Smart 1874 Annie Elizabeth Spencer c1874 Sarah Ann Wain 1875 Ethel Brough 1875 Frederick Thomas Brough 1875 Louise Maude Brough c1875 Winifred Busby 1875 Kate Cheney 1875 John Colley 1875 John Dyke 1875 Thomas Hall 1875 George Walter Tomalin c1876 George William Alder 1876 Edward Dent Brough 1876 Florence Busby 1876 Emily Garton c1876 Albert Henry Hardwidge 1876 Walter Hubert Heath 1876 Edward Francis Keen Emigrated to the USA (New York) circa 1891 1876 Clara Knights c1876 Louis Douglas Nicholson 1876 Charles Henry Smart 1877 Thomas Scott Allen 1877 Frank Arthur Busby 1877 Martha Cheney Died in infancy, probably just after her mother. 1877 Edith Maud Clark c1877 Elizabeth Gardiner 1877 Samuel Hall c1877 William Hall c1877 Louis Hardwidge 1877 Henry Charles Jordan c1877 Hannah Moore 1877 Edgar Joseph Rockley 1877 Edward Wymark c1878 Fanny Bourn 1878 Ernest John Bradbury 1878 George Busby 1878 Alice Atherton Collins 1878 Annie Louisa Crampton 1878 Samuel Cresswell c1878 Minnie Hall c1878 William Hart 1878 Tom Ward Jolly When his father died, Tom went into an orphanage (as seen in the 1891 census), but when his mother remarried, he again lived with her (see 1901 census). Tom himself died young. 1878 Ephraim Jones 1878 Henry Joshua Jordan 1878 Christopher Markham Thirkettle c1879 Ellen Bradbury 1879 Henry Charles Breach 1879 Mabel Martha Brough 1879 Minnie Brough 1879 Albert George Busby 1879 Minnie Sophia Fuller c1879 Fanny Leah Giles 1879 Edith Mary? Hall 1879 William Henry Hall c1879 William Hardwidge 1879 Bergman Honour 1879 Leonard William Jordan c1879 Raphael Holmes Saxon 1879 Archibold Frederick Smart c1879 Mathilda Smart 1880 George Bourn c1880 Ellen Bradbury c1880 Ernest Busby 1880 Thomas Henry Busby 1880 William Henry Colley 1880 Harry Aldritt Davenhill 1880 Jane Higgs 1880 Daniel Moore 1880 Alfred John Moulton 1880 Louisa Phelps 1880 Henry Smart 1880 Agnes Gertrudehyy Wiltshire 1881 Minnie Alice Breach 1881 Dora Brough 1881 Edith May Brough 1881 John Harry Brough 'Jack' (as he was referred to in later life) emigrated with his parents to the USA in about 1884. Initially, he was in New Haven, Connecticut, but he moved to Florida about 1911, and remained to the end of his life. 1881 Nellie Margaret Brough 1881 Ellen Busby c1881 Jane Hall 1881 Ellen Clara Hardwidge 1881 Benjamin Hart 1881 Alice Florence Heath 1881 Frederick Ernest Jordan 1881 Stephen Smith Slightham 1881 John Thomas Smart 1882 Nellie Brough 1882 Tom Busby 1882 Constance Aubrey Agnes Chitty Constance never married. She seems to have spent most of her life in the Bristol/Somerset area, possibly teaching. She was relatively well-off when she died: her estate of £1135 2s 9d in 1946 is equivalent to £105,000 in 2012, based on average earnings in those years. 1882 Albert Jeremiah Crampton 1882 Albert Edward Cresswell c1882 Fanny Harris 1882 Charlotte Jones 1882 Rebecca Moore 1882 John Harold Reddall 1882 John Patrick Rock 1882 Beatrice Smart Lived all her life withing a mile of so of her birthplace in Smethwick. 1883 Thomas Busby 1883 Harold Andrew Caesar 1883 Katharine Long Jordan Chitty Katharine never married, and probate of her estate (only worth just under £200) was given to her (also unmarried) sister Margaret Alice Chitty. 1883 Emily Colley 1883 Harriet Copperwheat 1883 Thomas Hall 1883 Alice Kate Hardwidge Born and brought up in Birmingham, she appears to have remained true to her roots, as she is recorded as having returned from the USA on 25/08/1949. She gave her address as 89 Walls Green Rd, Sheldon, B'ham. 26. She said she was a housewife, so was presumably still married (just a guess, perhaps) and her age at that time of 66 is consistent with her year of birth, as she was born Jan/Fen/Mar 1883 (i.e. she would have been 66 earlier in 1949.
Kate almost certainly died in Apr/Mar/Jun 1964, when she would have been 81 — the age reported at the death of a Alice K Reddall in Birmingham.
1883 Alfred Charles Huffell 1883 Laura Alicia Jordan 1883 John Samuel Pernell 1883 Violet Simms Born and married in Stafford. When she married, she moved into Weston Rd (number 50). She died at 58 Weston Rd, 54 years later. Presumably, she lived in the same road most of her life. 1883 Hannah Smart c1883 Agnes Taylor 1884 Minnie Ashfold c1884 Elizabeth Georgina Bamford 1884 Bertha Evelyn Brough c1884 John Thomas Busby 1884 Walter Busby c1884 Rose Jane Colley c1884 Emily Crampton 1884 Jonathan Crampton c1884 Alfred Hardwidge 1884 Wilfred Hobbs 1884 Alice Louisa Phillips 1884 Alice Maude M Talbot 1884 Joseph Thomas Tull 1884 Francis Henry Wood 1884 Florence Annie Woolven c1885 Annie Bradbury 1885 Godfrey Robert Brough 1885 John Lambton Oeding Brough 1885 Russell James Jordan 1885 Ada Smart 1885 Amy Smart After Agnes Busby's (née Smart) husband James died, Amy looked after Ken, Evelyn, and Peggy Busby after school, while Agnes Busby was out at work. At that time, the Pernell's lived near George Bett's School (the actual building was pulled down in the second part of the 20th century). As well as looking after her sister's children, Amy also looked after her own children of course. All this in a couple of rooms, with no running water; water was obtained from a tap in the yard (which included a horse stable), as reported by E. Busby. After he came home from work (unloading coal from barges), her husband John ('Jack') walked the children home to Greenfield Rd. 1885 Florence Mary Tull 1886 Harry Leslie Baker 1886 Adelaide Rosa Brough 1886 Lizzie Busby 1886 William Randolph Chitty 1886 Lily Beatrice Colley 1886 Laura Lavinia Crampton 1886 Janet Hall c1886 Ernest Hardwidge c1886 Nellie Amy Suffield 1886 John Toogood 1886 Sarah Anne Tull 1886 Rosa Adelaide Wood 1886 Samuel John Wray 1887 Rhoda Bunce c1887 Harry Dibley 1887 Elsie Fletcher 1887 Jessie Barry Willis Fry c1887 Ethel Hardwidge 1887 Fanny Hobbs 1887 Oswald Albert Conrad Keen 1887 Charles Linney c1887 James Moore c1887 Sarah Lilian Price 1887 Jemima Maggie Self 1887 Josiah Smart 1887 Annette Constance Soffe 1887 Clara Martha Suffield 1887 Ida May Woolven c1888 Jessie Atkins c1888 Wilson Barrett 1888 James Hall Bradbury 1888 Lewis Frederick Brough 1888 Phylllis Busby 1888 Margaret Alice Chitty Margaret never married. 1888 Alice Edith Crampton 1888 Joseph Barry Fry 1888 Lily Hall 1888 Arthur Douglas Jordan 1888 Stanley Pelton Marks 1888 Henry Howard Newton 1888 Fanny Elizabeth Tull 1888 William James Woolven 1889 Louisa Elizabeth Breach 1889 James William Busby James was born in Hockley in 1889, and died young (36) of TB. Reported by Agnes Busby (wife) to this database's editor; all life certificates in editor's possession.
When Agnes and James were first married they lived at 73 Moilliett Street (then in Smethwick, now Birmingham, B18). The owner of that dwelling (and thus on the electoral roll) was his mother Harriett Elizabeth Busby (seen as Harriett or Elizabeth Busby in several electoral rolls). This property may have been a shop.
c1889 William Chitty 1889 Emma Louisa Dashwood 1889 Nellie Louie Willis Fry 1889 Mabel Hobbs 1889 Beatrice Linney 1889 Caroline Emily Smart Caroline emigrated to Canada on the SS Montroy in 1924, departing Jan 29th 1924. She was to work for a friend of Miss A Sanders, Oakville, Toronto, who had paid for her passage. She travelled alone (with only £3), leaving her husband John at home in 75 Pool Rd. Her son joined her in 1929 (it is not clear about her husband, who was still living in Pool Road in 1929). She visited the UK at least once (see notes) and she was visited by her sister Agnes in the 1960s. 1889 Lydia Maude Suffield 1890 Albert William Atkins 1890 Alice Maud Barrett c1890 Ernest Barrett 1890 Philip Andrew Bence c1890 John Bradbury John probably died in Oldbury/Smethwick/West Bromwich in the first quarter of 1948, with a recorded age of 58. 1890 Charles Clarence Brough 1890 Margaret Jane Busby 1890 Rosalind Wilson Cook 1890 Ezra Crampton 1890 Frederick Cross 1890 Ernest Hall 1890 Albert Edward Hobbs 1890 Harold Alfred Jordan c1890 Selina Moore c1890 Leonard T Preston 1890 Beatrice Smart 1890 Dorothy Phillis Suffield 1890 Rachel Agnes Tull c1890 Winifred H Ward 1890 Mary Constance Whyatt 1890 Sidney George Wood 1891 Alfred Henry Brewer 1891 Phillis Busby Phillis was born in Smethwick and spent the early years of her life living near Victoria Park in Smethwick. Her future husband Edward was living nearby in the 1911 census, when they were both in their late teens. After they married, they lived with her brother James and his wife Agnes at 73 Moilliett Street, Smethwick. This property was owned by Phillis's and James mother Harriett Busby who owned the property (which may have been run as a shop). 1891 Doreen Maud Chitty 1891 Fanny Eveline (or Emmeline?) Hardwidge 1891 Archibald Hobbs c1891 Sarah Moore c1891 Arthur Skinner 1891 Herbert Smart Known as a professional footballer (first with Bilston, then with Aston Villa), he is likely to have been one of the first (if not the first) UK professional footballer to sign up in World War I. His letter describing the Christmas Truce of 1914 was widely published (believed to have been first published 4th January 1915).
Whether he would have ever had a good football career is debatable. He seems to have only played once in the 1914 season, and 3 times in the 1919 season (scoring once). He seems to have played inside left for the Villa, and then centre forward for Leicester after being transferred (the Aston Villa web site suggests he went to Wolverhampton Wanderers, but Leicester seems more likely). In the War, the League was suspended 1915 to 1919, but he guested for at least Leicester and the Carriage Works (which of the several carriage works near Smethwick is not yet known). Under investigation.
We do not yet know whether he married or his date and place of death. The Aston Villa web site suggests his date of birth was 24/04/1892, his full name was Herbert Horace Smart, and he died in 1951.
1891 Frances Elsie Soffe 1892 Joseph William Brewer 1892 Joseph W Brough 1892 William George Busby 1892 George Alfred Cook 1892 Emily Crampton 1892 Lisca Gertrude Keen 1892 Archibald Linney c1892 Joseph M Master 1892 Emma Louise Tull 1892 Frank Augustus Wood c1893 Flora Barrett 1893 Shadrack Barrett 1893 Victor Octavius Brough 1893 Rose Harriet Busby Rose lived well into the 20th century. Remembered as "Aunty Rose". c1893 Beatrice Davis 1893 Elizabeth Ann Ferris 1893 Frank Hall 1893 Herbert Hall 1893 Robert Cyril Jordan 1893 Gladys Annie Leech c1893 George O C Phillips 1893 Arthur Ralph 1893 Edith Laura Suffield 1893 Francis Charles Tull 1893 Edith Wood c1894 Edward Barrett Edward was living in Price St, Smethwick in 1911 (when he was 16 or 17) and his future wife Phillis was living in the nearby Exeter Rd (she was 19). They must have met around that time. He and his wife were resident at 73 Moilliett St in 1918 (as were Agnes and James Busby). This building was owned by Harriet Elizabeth Busby (who was thus on the electoral role as a property owner) and may have been run as a shop. 1894 Joseph Pardoe Crampton 1894 Thomas Linney 1894 Agnes Smart Agnes was born in Handsworth (on the border with Smethwick), but lived most of her life in Smethwick (except for the period 1916 to 1923, when she lived in Moilliett St, as did her sister-in-law Phillis). After her husband James died in 1925, she brought up her 3 children on her own (although her sister Amy and brother-in-law Jack helped by looking after the children whilst Agnes was at work). From 1923, she lived in the same house until the end of her life (from 1945) with her daughter Evelyn and son-in-law Frank) and their children.
Agnes's early working career was at Baxters, the Parade, Birmingham (national phone central 2036): a company that stocked and sold nuts, bolts and screws. It is clear that Baxters was a family company, supportive of its employees. There was an annual outing to the Baxters' home in Worcestershire. It also participated in the Girls Friendly Society scheme, and Agnes was in this scheme for 3 years until she got married (the GFS was only for single women at that time).
Agnes ran a 'treble twenties' club (for those over 60) at St Marks church and was a local community warden for Greenfield Rd, into her 80s. In connection with this, she was interviewed by ABC television (it is believed the programme was broadcast on 17th October 1965).
After she retired (from the MEB) at the age of 65, Agnes visited Canada to see her sister Carrie (Caroline) and nephew (Joe Bradbury). She died in Dudley Road Hospital on the 5th January 1986.
1895 Jessie Lucy Allcott c1895 Emily Barrett c1895 Effie May Brewer 1895 George Clifford Brough 1895 Emma Jane Busby 1895 Annie Louisa Cook 1895 Edward Cross 1895 Alfred Hall 1895 Harry Leech 1895 John Henry Prowse 1895 Arthur Edwin Tanner 1895 Elizabeth May Webb c1896 Albert Barrett 1896 Albert Harold Brewer 1896 Augustine Charles Busby 1896 Hilda Busby Hilda lived into the 20th century. c1896 Leah Hardwidge 1896 Simeon Kingston 1896 Madeline Annie Miller 1896 Alice Louise Tanner 1896 Edith May Tull 1897 William Cyril Allcott 1897 Lucy Cross 1897 Elsie May Leech 1897 Percy Linney 1897 Frederick George Prowse Killed in action (Flanders, France); Rifleman in D Company, 9th or 1st (some uncertainty) Battalion (Queen Victorias Rifles); 1897 George Alfred Smart 1897 Percy Steel 1897 Lily Francis Wood 1898 Emily Sylvia G Brewer 1898 Allen Byron Cook Born in Bristol, he was killed in the Battle of The Somme when he was only a few days past his 18th birthday. 1898 Ada Maud Crampton 1898 Nellie Hall 1898 Frederick Spartan Miller 1898 Francis Charles Tanner 1898 Ethel Sophiah Tull 1899 Edgar Walter Allcott 1899 Lucy Elizabeth Busby Born in Smethwick, then moved with her husband to Portsmouth. 1899 Florence May Cross 1899 Kathryn Norah Gore 1899 John Thomas Leech 1899 Elsie Linney 1899 Ethel Gladys Mellish 1899 William Owen Wood 1899 Arthur Wright 1900 Frederick Barrett 1900 Baden Brewer 1900 Gladys Alice Brough 1900 George Alfred Busby 1900 Betsy Cooke 1900 Mabel Davis 1900 Arthur James Hobbs 1900 Rebecca Moore 1900 George Edwin Steel 1900 Albert Victor Tanner 1900 Ernest Walter Tomalin 1900 Kathleen E Tull 1900 Albert Victor Weaver 1900 Francis Thomas R Wood 1900 Olive Lily Young 1901 Nellie Violet Allcott 1901 Emily Prudence Busby 1901 George Alan Leech 1901 Selina Moore c1901 Agnes Emily Smart 1901 Joseph Henry Smart Joseph's middle name was probably Henry, although this is not shown in the 1901 census; see notes, which also seem to tie down his date of birth and year of death.
Joseph may have been born in Oldbury, although the birth was registered in West Bromwich, a mile or so away. See birth certificate to clarify this. It seems clear that he was brought up in his family in Hobicus Lane, however. When his brother Samuel H Smart was married in 1935, he gave his residence as 13 Hobicus Lane, the same address as Joseph and his parents were at in the 1911 census (information from his page on the Whittingham web site).
1901 Edwin Leopold Tanner 1901 Harry Stanley Tanner 1902 William Edward Allcott c1902 Emily Crampton 1902 Herbert Linney 1902 Ethel May Prowse 1902 Gertrude Alice Tull 1902 Beatrice May Wood 1903 Godfrey George Davis 1903 Kathleen Mary Leech 1903 James Moore c1903 Harry Smart 1903 William Charles Steel 1903 Harold Young 1904 Marjorie Brough 1904 Amy Eveline Pernell c1904 Harold Smart c1904 Gladis Elsie Tull 1904 Phyllis Wood 1905 Edith Mabel Allcott 1905 John Gillard 1905 Winifred Mabel Leech 1905 Hannah Moore 1905 Herbert Smart Herbert died in infancy. c1905 John W Thompson 1905 Philis Irine Tull 1905 Mabel Louise Wood 1906 Norman George Allcott 1906 Ralph Brough 1906 Miriam Philis Busby 1906 Charlotte Moore c1906 Violet Smart 1906 Leonard Alfred Tanner 1907 George Henry Busby 1907 Sydney Hobbs 1907 Phyllis Edna Tanner c1907 Henry Alfred Tull c1907 Elsie Evelyn Wood 1907 Miriam Ruth Young 1908 Sarah Moore 1908 Violet Doris Pernell c1908 James Smart 1909 John Josiah Bradbury John emigrated to Canada in 1928, to join his mother, who had been working there since 1924. 1909 Violet Grace Thirkettle 1909 Rose Frederica Wood 1909 Cyril Sidney Young 1910 Eileen Mary Allen 1910 Violet Olive Baker 1910 Agnes Caroline Bradbury 1910 Thomas Carroll 1910 John Thomas Holloway 1910 Daniel Moore 1910 Ivy Rebecca Smart Died young (about 1 year old). 1910 Jabez W Smart Jabez died before he was a year old. 1911 Thomas Edward Langley 1911 Hilda May Malpass 1911 John Samuel Pernell 1911 Roland Markham Thirkettle 1912 Selina L Smart c1913 Robert L Preston 1913 Violet May Williams 1914 Freda May Pernell 1914 Henry Hubert Prosser 1914 Samuel Herbert Smart 1915 Agnes Ivy Pernell 1916 Frank William Brough 1916 Ivy R Smart 1917 Ernest Cyril Pernell c1918 Ethel D Thorpe 1919 Wilfred Box 1919 Thomas Frederick Carr 1919 Catherine Pernell 1920 Lucy Barrett 1920 Evelyn Busby 1921 Winifred M Barrett 1921 Linda Muriel Pernell 1921 Vernon Arthur Wright 1926 Joan L Wright 1930 Roy Smart 1931 Evelyn R Wright 1946 (living) Brough 1948 (living) Brough 1953 (living) Brough 1956 Barbara L Prosser 1957 Malcolm P Neville