William Brough ♂

Life

Born 1814, Redhouse, Longbenton, Northumberland

Christened 31/07/1814 St Bartholomew's, Long Benton, Northumberland // parents Thomas (miller) and Mary; residence Redhouse

Died 05/01/1898, 16 Stanley Rd, Acton, Middlesex

Possible aliases/distractors

William Brough b. c1816, (Flinton Hill, Penshaw, Co Durham)  // different people

Summary

William was born in the Long Benton (now Longbenton) area north of Newcastle. He later reported (to his son) that he spent his early years in the Long Benton/Killingworth area. In adult life (as can be seen from his marriage, census returns and places of birth/deaths of his children) he moved around England, notably taking a job (in the late 1840s) with the Great North Railway, and eventually settling in West London: first working as a grocer and then opening up a laundry. Much of what we know of his later life comes from what he told his son JJ Brough in the 1880s and recounted by JJ to his son in the late 1940s. For example, in a 1948 letter (exact transcription):

He was a voracious reader and studied Theology.

He married young and referred used to call us his "bakers dozen". I infer that he had 13 children, 12 by his first wife But I can only account for 8 believing the other 4 to die young as it was a matter of course to breed rapidly in those times knowing 1 in 3 would die. We have altered all that.

In all probability it was through necessity of needing more money that caused him in middle age to leave the GNR and start a Laundry in Latimer Road, Shepherds Bush. I sincerely hope that washing linen brought in more money than engine driving but from what I know of the business I am inclined to doubt it.

By 1889 he was seemingly suffering a type of dementure, losing his mind and his way home. Inevitably the laundry business failed and Aunt Sarah bailed him out to the tune of £50. But it was clear things couldn't go on indefinately and so we mortgaged Stanly House in 1893. A year or so afterwards William took to his bed and died 5/1/1898 of abdominal obstruction the same problem that affected Aunt Elizabeth in 1894.

Probate for his estate to the value of £225 10s was granted to his wife Mary (née Jordan).

GNR ran the line to York (wikipedia entry for GNR) and also operated over NER lines, northward to Scotland (wikipedia entry for the NER). He also seems to have run a shop for a short time in London, before opening the laundry (see census); something not mentioned by his son JJ Brough. It seems he was (like many from the Newcastle area) an engineer. We do not know how or where he met his first wife, but we do know that in 1839 the couple were in Paddington (London) and in 1841 they were in Lane End, Longton, Staffs, where William worked as an engineer in a pottery company. In 1843, he was in Morpeth, Northumberland, working as an engineman.

The family's location in 1841 is confirmed by the birth registration of his daughter Mary Ann Brough (1841-2), whose mother's name is given as Tomalin, and place of birth as Longton. So (like his great grandson Michael) he worked at least for some time in the pottery industry in Longton!

Notes

Given William's residence in Longton (which seems conclusive), it is possible that William's father Thomas may have originally been from North Staffordshire (where the Brough name was common in the 18th and 19th centuries), rather than the more immediately suspicious (given Long Benton and Killingworth's location) Durham or Northumberland. Under investigation.

We do not know anything of William's location, education, or occupations between the early 1820s (Killingworth) and when he was in Longton. He must have joined the GNR sometime between 1848 (when GNR was formed) and 1851 (sensus record).

The Redhouse location in the Longbenton parish almost certainly refers to the Benton Park area of Longbenton. It is not yet known whether there was a mill (possibly a windmill, but possibly a steam-powered mill) on the Benton Park estate around 1815. [But there are also a number of Red House farms in the area, and also a famouse Redhouse on the Quayside in Newcastle. Farms are plausible locations for millers, of couse. The Quayside location is rather unlikely.]

As William's father was a miller (at least at some point), the report of a 'William Bruff; as a miller, based in Mill End (somewhere in the Seaham area) in Pigot's directory of 1834 is significant, not least for elimination purposes.

Possible parents

   Mary Embleton (c1796)

   Thomas Brough (c1780)

Possible partners

  Elizabeth Tomalin (c1816–1872)
      m. 19/06/1837 (St Margaret's, Crick, Northants)
  Mary Jordan (1838–1923)
      m. 18/05/1873 (St Mary's, Acton, Middx)

Possible children

Elizabeth Brough (1839–1913)
Mary Anne Brough (1841–1842)
Mary Jane Brough (1843–1855)
Rebecca Brough (1849–1912)
Margaret Brough (1851– )
John Brough (1852–1902)
Ellen Brough (c1855–1943)
??? William Thomlin Brough (1856–1856)
?? Catharine Tomalin Brough (1856–1858)
Joshua Jordan Brough (1874–1963)

Possible maternal siblings

None yet known

 

William Brough 'Life track'

pdateagedob rangeAddressoccupation
06/06/184125 (25–29?)07/06/1811 to 06/06/1816Foley Rd, Longton, Staffordshire I Potter
30/03/18513631/03/1814 to 30/03/1815New Town, Hatfield, Hertfordshire Engine Driver
07/04/18614608/04/1814 to 07/04/181536 Prince's Rd, Kensington, Middlesex Grocer
02/04/18715503/04/1815 to 02/04/18169 Aldington Terrace, Latimer Rd, Hammersmith, Middlesex Laundryman
03/04/18816604/04/1814 to 03/04/1815114 Stanley Rd, Acton, London, Middlesex Laundry proprieter
05/04/18917606/04/1814 to 05/04/181516 Stanley Rd, Acton, London, Middlesex Laundry Proprietor

 

Date: 06/06/1841   Sheet: HO107/991/40
Address: Foley Rd, Longton, Staffordshire
rec.
id
🚺/🚹
id
NameAge
 M  F 
OccupationBirthplaceEditor's notes
1628163William Brough25   I Potternot StaffsJ (journeyman) potter?
1629848Elizabeth Brough   20 not Staffs 
1630849Elizabeth Brough   2 not Staffs 
1631857Mary Anne Brough   1/12 Staffs 

 

Date: 30/03/1851   Sheet: HO107/1712/161
Address: New Town, Hatfield, Hertfordshire
Note(s): Many dwellings recorded with this address
rec.
id
🚺/🚹
id
NameRoleAge
 M  F 
Mar.
status
OccupationBirthplaceEditor's notes
1598163William BroughHead36    MarEngine DriverNorthumberland, Long Benton 
1599848Elizabeth BroughWife   34 Mar Northamptonshire, Crick 
1600849Elizabeth BroughDaur   11 ScholarMiddx, Paddington 
1601850Mary J BroughDaur   7  Northumberland, MorpethVery significant birth place!
1602851Rebecca BroughDaur   2  Surrey, Lambeth 
1603852Margaret BroughDaur   2/12  Herts, Digswell 

 

Date: 07/04/1861   Sheet: RG9/15/97
Address: 36 Prince's Rd, Kensington, Middlesex
Note(s): It is clear this was Prince's Rd, though the enumerator's writing is rather unclear
rec.
id
🚺/🚹
id
NameRoleAge
 M  F 
Mar.
status
OccupationBirthplaceEditor's notes
1604163William BroughHead46    MarGrocerNorthumberland Long Benton 
1605848Elizabeth BroughWife   44 MarLaundressNorthamptonshire Crick 
1606849Elizabeth BroughDaur   21 UnLaundressMiddlesex Paddington 
1607851Rebbecca BroughDaur   12 Unassistant?Surrey Lambeth 
1608852Margaret BroughDaur   10 UnScholarHerts Digswell Water 
1609853John BroughSon8    UnScholarHerts Hatfield 
1610854Ellen BroughDaur   6 UnScholarHerts Watford 

 

Date: 02/04/1871   Sheet: RG10/66/47
Address: 9 Aldington Terrace, Latimer Rd, Hammersmith, Middlesex
rec.
id
🚺/🚹
id
NameRoleAge
 M  F 
Mar.
status
OccupationBirthplaceEditor's notes
1611163William BroughHead55    MarLaundrymanNorthumberland 
1612848Elizabeth BroughWife   53 MarLaundressNorthampton 
1613852Margaret BroughDaur   20 UnmGrocer?Hertford Digswell 
1614854Ellen BroughDaur   16 UnmGrocer?Hertford Hatfield 
1615853John BroughSon18    UnmCarpenterHertford Hatfield 
1616   Adelaide HodsonServant   13 UnmDomestic ServantKensington, Middx 

 

Date: 03/04/1881   Sheet: RG11  piece 1355  folio 76 (r)
Address: 114 Stanley Rd, Acton, London, Middlesex
rec.
id
🚺/🚹
id
NameRoleAge
 M  F 
Mar.
status
OccupationBirthplaceEditor's notes
3636163William BroughHead66    MarLaundry proprieterNorthumberl. Long Benton 
3637160Mary BroughWife   42 doLaundressLondon Marylebone 
3638162Joshua J BroughSon7     Middx. Acton 

 

Date: 05/04/1891   Sheet: RG12  piece 1037  folio 46 (r)
Address: 16 Stanley Rd, Acton, London, Middlesex
rec.
id
🚺/🚹
id
NameRoleAge
 M  F 
Mar.
status
OccupationBirthplaceEditor's notes
3639163Willm BroughHead76    MarrdLaundry ProprietorLong Benton, Northumberland 
3640160Mary BroughWife   52  ″ Marylebone, London 
3641162Joshua J. Broughson17    singleCivil Service Boy CopyistActon Middx 

 

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